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Metabolism - Alcohol

Written by Inara Hasanali, M.A.  | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Dec 19, 2019
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Metabolism - Alcohol

The liver converts alcohol into a reactive molecule called acetaldehyde and highly reactive oxygen-containing molecules known as oxygen radicals by using an enzyme, alcohol dehydrogenase.

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The acetaldehyde may play a role in alcohol-related liver damage. Another enzyme, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) breaks down acetaldehyde into acetate. The acetate is further broken down into carbon dioxide and water.

Some people either lack the ALDH enzyme or it doesn't function well - in such cases symptoms include flushing of the face, hot sensations, nausea and palpitations. This molecule is also responsible for hangovers.

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Comments

jay1313

CAN A PERSON DRIVE A VEHICLE- FOUR WHEEL WITH ALCOHOL INTAKE OF MORE THAN 0.9%. OR SAY 95 MGM LEVEL.. IS IT MEDICALLY POSSIBLE TO DRIVE A FOUR WHEELER FOR 40 KM WITH 0.95% OR 9.5 MG OF ALCOHOL

PaulFlessis

Even Dubai is quite strict for drunken driving. They take photos - from Police cameras and people get booked with hefty fines.

shivh

Can someone help me by telling me how much wine or beer or whisky can I drink which will keep me below the permissable levels under the Indian law of 30mg. i shall be grateful. Shiv Hazari

PaulFlessis

Better not drink mate. Why drink in the first place..?

Greatguru10

How does 30mg/100ml translate in terms of the amount of Alchohol that can be consumed by an individual and keep him within this safe limit. Will having a bottle of beer keep within this safe thresh hold. I know BAC depends on a lot of other factors...but I guess a safe limit can be arrived at in terms of bottles of beer.....or a CHOTA or a BADA peg.......Cheerio.

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