Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia - Symptoms and signs

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Last Updated on Apr 04, 2018
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Symptoms and signs of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The symptoms of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) tend to resemble other medical conditions. Each individual may experience the symptoms differently.

Symptoms of Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) can be general symptoms or symptoms due to problems with immature blood cells.

The general symptoms are similar to that of an attack of viral flu that keeps coming back. These include:

  • Frequent Fever
  • Frequent infections
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss In ALL there is an increased production of immature lymphocytes and decreased production of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.

Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the cells of the body and a shortage of these cells can lead to:

  • Decreased hemoglobin resulting in anemia
  • Shortness of breath,
  • Fatigue
  • Pallor or Pale skin.White blood cells are responsible for providing immunity and fighting infections. Their shortage subjects a person to frequent infections that manifests itself as boils, abscess or flu- like symptoms.

Platelets help in blood clotting by plugging the bleeding area. Shortage of platelets leads to:

  • Gum bleeds
  • Nose bleeds
  • Bleeding under the skin that appears as tiny red marks (petechiae). If the central nervous system is affected, an individual may experience:
  • Headache,
  • Vomiting,
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision.

If a gland, located in the chest, called thymus is involved it can press against the windpipe and cause:

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath.

Signs of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The signs that may give clue to the diagnosis of this condition includes:

  • Painless lumps in the neck, underarm or groin.
  • Pain below the ribs on left side, due an enlarged spleen
  • Joint pains due to swelling, bleeding or weakness.

References:

  1. Pui CH. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Clin North Am 1997; 4: 831-846.
  2. Pui CH, Evans WE. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. N Engl J Med 1998; 339: 605-615.
  3. Gurney JG, Severson RK, Davis S, Robinson L. Incidence of cancer in children in the United States. Cancer 1995; 75: 2186-2195.
  4. Young J, Gloeckler RL, Silverberg E, Horm J, Miller R. Cancer incidence, survival and mortality for children younger than age 15 years. Cancer 1986; 58: 598-602.

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hi my daughter , rashmi 5 year old female was admitted in a hospital with the c/o fever,and anemia diagnosed as a ALL ,B CELL,started chemotherapy there at the time of admission her haemoglobin is 4,platelet 10,000,peripheral smear shows blast presnt CSF NEGATIVE BONE MARROW NOT DONE induction chemotherapy started prednisolone oral inj.vincristine i.v 4 doses inj, daunorubicin 3 doses inj.L. asparaginase 8 doses IT ,methotrexate 3 times BONE MARRO DONE 3? BLAST SHOWS phase b inj.cyclophosphamide iv 2 time inj,cytarabine s/c [ arac] 4 days * 4 doses tab .6 mp 60 days IT METHOTREXATE 3 times tab.biotraxate RE INDUCTION PHASE tab.dexamethasone orally inj.vincristine iv 4 doses inj. dnr 4 doses inj.L .asparanginase 4 dose inj.cyclophosphamide 1 dose inj.cytarabine 2 dose it.methotrexate 2 doses BONE MARROW DONE SHOWS 3% BLASTS AND 5%LYMPHS CSF NEGATIVE given tab.6pm for one month review 20/8/2012 please given valuable comments how is the condition and what to do next?

Toni95

Non of this has helped me with my research :/ my sister has leukemia and none of the stuff above is even close!!

jasperkumar

i had ALL WEN I WAS 10. I was treated for a year and i was good for 10 years but i was diagnosed for ALL wen I WAS 20 . I was treated and i am okay now. is this possible?

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