About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia - Symptoms and signs

Last Updated on Jun 26, 2020
Font : A-A+

Symptoms and signs of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The symptoms of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) tend to resemble other medical conditions. Each individual may experience the symptoms differently.

Advertisement

Symptoms of Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) can be general symptoms or symptoms due to problems with immature blood cells.

The general symptoms are similar to that of an attack of viral flu that keeps coming back. These include:

  • Frequent Fever
  • Frequent infections
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss In ALL there is an increased production of immature lymphocytes and decreased production of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Advertisement

Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the cells of the body and a shortage of these cells can lead to:

  • Decreased hemoglobin resulting in anemia
  • Shortness of breath,
  • Fatigue
  • Pallor or Pale skin.White blood cells are responsible for providing immunity and fighting infections. Their shortage subjects a person to frequent infections that manifests itself as boils, abscess or flu- like symptoms.

Platelets help in blood clotting by plugging the bleeding area. Shortage of platelets leads to:

  • Gum bleeds
  • Nose bleeds
  • Bleeding under the skin that appears as tiny red marks (petechiae). If the central nervous system is affected, an individual may experience:
  • Headache,
  • Vomiting,
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision.
Advertisement

If a gland, located in the chest, called thymus is involved it can press against the windpipe and cause:

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath.

Signs of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The signs that may give clue to the diagnosis of this condition includes:

  • Painless lumps in the neck, underarm or groin.
  • Pain below the ribs on left side, due an enlarged spleen
  • Joint pains due to swelling, bleeding or weakness.

References:

  1. Pui CH. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Clin North Am 1997; 4: 831-846.
  2. Pui CH, Evans WE. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. N Engl J Med 1998; 339: 605-615.
  3. Gurney JG, Severson RK, Davis S, Robinson L. Incidence of cancer in children in the United States. Cancer 1995; 75: 2186-2195.
  4. Young J, Gloeckler RL, Silverberg E, Horm J, Miller R. Cancer incidence, survival and mortality for children younger than age 15 years. Cancer 1986; 58: 598-602.

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. (2020, June 26). Symptoms and signs of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Medindia. Retrieved on May 29, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-symptoms-signs.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. "Symptoms and signs of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia". Medindia. May 29, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-symptoms-signs.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. "Symptoms and signs of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-symptoms-signs.htm. (accessed May 29, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Reeja Tharu. 2021. Symptoms and signs of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Medindia, viewed May 29, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-symptoms-signs.htm.


Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

manoj.c.p

hi my daughter , rashmi 5 year old female was admitted in a hospital with the c/o fever,and anemia diagnosed as a ALL ,B CELL,started chemotherapy there at the time of admission her haemoglobin is 4,platelet 10,000,peripheral smear shows blast presnt CSF NEGATIVE BONE MARROW NOT DONE induction chemotherapy started prednisolone oral inj.vincristine i.v 4 doses inj, daunorubicin 3 doses inj.L. asparaginase 8 doses IT ,methotrexate 3 times BONE MARRO DONE 3? BLAST SHOWS phase b inj.cyclophosphamide iv 2 time inj,cytarabine s/c [ arac] 4 days * 4 doses tab .6 mp 60 days IT METHOTREXATE 3 times tab.biotraxate RE INDUCTION PHASE tab.dexamethasone orally inj.vincristine iv 4 doses inj. dnr 4 doses inj.L .asparanginase 4 dose inj.cyclophosphamide 1 dose inj.cytarabine 2 dose it.methotrexate 2 doses BONE MARROW DONE SHOWS 3% BLASTS AND 5%LYMPHS CSF NEGATIVE given tab.6pm for one month review 20/8/2012 please given valuable comments how is the condition and what to do next?

satzjeez

DO A HEART PATIENT GET CLL OR ALL OR AML OR CML

Toni95

Non of this has helped me with my research :/ my sister has leukemia and none of the stuff above is even close!!

jasperkumar

i had ALL WEN I WAS 10. I was treated for a year and i was good for 10 years but i was diagnosed for ALL wen I WAS 20 . I was treated and i am okay now. is this possible?

ParisDaniels

I think the best way to combat is to educate yourself about it. This will help you recognize the symptoms and therefore prevent the spread of cancer cells. I appreciate you sharing this to us.

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    What's New on Medindia
    World Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Day 2022
    Monkeypox Outbreak: What it is, How Does it Spread & the Prevention
    Seasonal Allergy Medications
    View all
    Advertisement

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Nutam (400mg) (Piracetam) Drug Interaction Checker Find a Hospital Color Blindness Calculator Find a Doctor Blood - Sugar Chart Accident and Trauma Care Selfie Addiction Calculator Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator A-Z Drug Brands in India

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use