About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Research Studies on Sweetened Beverages vs. Type-2 Diabetes

Written by Mita Majumdar, M.Sc. | Medically Reviewed by dr. reeja tharu, M.Phil.,Ph.D on Sep 07, 2021
View in Hindi
Font : A-A+

Research Studies on Sweetened Beverages vs. Type-2 Diabetes

Numerous studies have been done to find out the link between sugar-sweetened beverages and type-2 diabetes. Although the studies yielded mixed results, where some found a positive link between the two and others were not so sure, it is unequivocally agreed upon that intake of sugary beverages should be limited to reduce risk of metabolic syndrome.

Advertisement

“People should limit how much sugar-sweetened beverages they drink and replace them with healthy alternatives, such as water, to reduce risk of diabetes as well as obesity, gout, tooth decay, and cardiovascular disease,” says Vasanti Malik, a researcher from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH).

Two research studies are briefly described here.

A meta-analysis on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) intake and risk of metabolic syndrome and type-2 diabetes from the MEDLINE database revealed that SSBs lead to weight gain by virtue of their ‘high added sugar content, low satiety potential and incomplete compensatory reduction in energy intake at subsequent meals after consumption of liquid calories, leading to positive energy balance’.

SSBs when consumed in large amounts have shown to raise blood glucose and insulin concentrations rapidly and dramatically thus contributing to a high dietary glycemic load. The researchers say, “High glycemic load diets are known to induce glucose intolerance and insulin resistance particularly among overweight individuals and can increase levels of inflammatory biomarkers such as C-reactive protein, which are linked to type-2 diabetes risk”. According to them ‘a high dietary glycemic load also increases risk of developing cholesterol gallstone disease, which is associated with insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and type-2 diabetes.

Advertisement

Endogenous compounds in SSBs, such as advanced glycation end products, produced during the process of caramelization in cola-type beverages may also affect pathophysiological pathways related to type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome’.

The researchers concluded that intake of SSBs should be limited to reduce obesity-related risk of chronic metabolic diseases.

Similarly, in another study, Schulze and colleagues found that women who consumed lot of sugar-sweetened soft drinks tended to:

  • Be less physically active
  • Smoke more
  • Have higher intakes of total calories
  • Have lower intakes of protein, alcohol, magnesium, and cereal fiber.
Advertisement

They concluded that ‘these women have dietary patterns and lifestyle habits that lead to increased risk of several disease states, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease’.

Although this study was done on women, the findings are applicable to men and children as well.

A joint report by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) clearly recommends restricting intake of sugar-sweetened beverages with total sugar intake comprising no more than 10 percent of a healthy diet.

References:

  1. Bray GA, Nielsen SJ, Popkin BM. Consumption of high-fructose corn syrup in beverages may play a role in the epidemic of obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Apr;79(4):537-43.
  2. Ferder, L. et al. The Role of High-Fructose Corn Syrup in Metabolic Syndrome and Hypertension. Current Hypertension Reports Volume 12, Number 2, 105-112, DOI: 10.1007/s11906-010-0097-3
  3. Nagai et al. The Role of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Coactivator-1 in the Pathogenesis of Fructose-Induced Insulin Resistance. Cell Metabolism, 2009; 9 (3): 252-264
  4. Welsh J.A., et al. Caloric Sweetener Consumption and Dyslipidemia Among US Adults. JAMA. 2010;303(15):1490-1497. doi: 10.1001/jama.2010.449
  5. Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Risk of Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes - (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/33/11/2477.full)
  6. 2nd study - Schulze MB,Manson JE, Ludwig DS, et al. Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women. JAMA. 2004;292:927-934.

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mita Majumdar. (2021, September 07). Research Studies on Sweetened Beverages vs. Type-2 Diabetes. Medindia. Retrieved on May 20, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/type-2-diabetes-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-research-studies.htm.

  • MLA

    Mita Majumdar. "Research Studies on Sweetened Beverages vs. Type-2 Diabetes". Medindia. May 20, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/type-2-diabetes-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-research-studies.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Mita Majumdar. "Research Studies on Sweetened Beverages vs. Type-2 Diabetes". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/type-2-diabetes-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-research-studies.htm. (accessed May 20, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Mita Majumdar. 2021. Research Studies on Sweetened Beverages vs. Type-2 Diabetes. Medindia, viewed May 20, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/type-2-diabetes-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-research-studies.htm.


Do you wish to consult a Diabetologist for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Archana Pattar
Dr. Archana Pattar
MBBS, C.Diab
14 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Vijay Viswanathan
Dr. Vijay Viswanathan
MBBS, MD, FRCP, PhD
29 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    Drugs for Diabetes Type 2 and Its Link to Sugar-Sweetened Beverages
    Chlorpropamide
    Glyburide
    Insulin glargine
    Linagliptin
    Saxagliptin
    View All
    What's New on Medindia
    Prevent Hacking of Medical Devices: FDA Sounds Alarm
    Black Water: Benefits and Uses
    World Hypertension Day 2022 - Measure Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer!
    View all
    Advertisement

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Sanatogen Indian Medical Journals Daily Calorie Requirements Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam) Accident and Trauma Care Drug Interaction Checker Drug - Food Interactions Drug Side Effects Calculator Blood Pressure Calculator Blood Donation - Recipients

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use