Oral hygiene refers to the practice of keeping the mouth, teeth, and gums clean and healthy to prevent disease. It is an essential self-care practice in day-to-day life with professional care.
Maintaining healthy teeth and gum is a lifelong commitment. Learn proper oral hygiene habits early to avoid costly dental procedures and long-term health issues.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Trusted Source, tooth decay and gum disease are very common.
- Between 60 and 90 percent of school children have at least one tooth cavity.
- Nearly 100 percent of adults have at least one dental cavity in their lifetime.
- Between 15 and 20 percent of adults aged 35 to 44 years have severe gum disease.
- About 30 percent of people around the world ages 65 to 74 have lost natural teeth completely.
- In most countries, 10 out of 100,000 people are diagnosed with oral cancer.
- The burden of oral disease is much higher in poor or disadvantaged population groups.
Healthy Gums: Healthy gums are the foundation of strong and healthy teeth. Regular care of gums prevents bacterial growth that can otherwise lead to infectious gum diseases one of the most common causes of teeth loss in adults. Regular oral hygiene practice with
Good Physical Health: Recent studies have linked heart attack and stroke to gum disease, resulting from poor oral hygiene. Proper oral hygiene and professional teeth cleaning every six months in a dental clinic help to keep teeth and gum healthy and reduce heart disease and stroke risk. Gum disease also affects carbohydrate metabolism that may further increase the blood sugar level in diabetes.
Oral Cancer at Bay: A healthy mouth and good oral habits can keep off oral cancers. Regular dental checkups prevent any possibilities of cancer development as dentists along with routine checkups also examine for any such symptoms.
Healthy Pregnancy: Poor oral health may lead to complications in pregnancy, including premature delivery, low-weight babies, birth defects, and abnormalities. Regular dental checkups and proper oral hygiene are essential for assuring a healthy pregnancy.
Strong Teeth: Deposition of sticky biofilm composed of pathogenic microorganismscan destroy the tooth surface, leading to cavity formation called tooth decay and tooth loss in the future. Keeping teeth strong means better chewing function and ultimately, better health.
No Bad Breath: Adopting a routine practice of oral care keeps your mouth clean and fresh. It removes germs that cause bad breath. Halitosis or bad breath may be an indication of infection.
Bright and Confident Smile: Everybody is much more confident when they have a bright white smile. You can visit a dentist for a cleaning and whitening schedule to remove stains from teeth.
The following are some best practices that can keep teeth and gums healthy:
- Brush your teeth with fluoridated toothpaste at least twice a day using a proper toothbrush in gentle, circular motions for more than 2 mins.
- Floss at least once a day to remove food particles stuck in between teeth, stimulate gums, reduce plaque, and help lower inflammation in the area below the gumline.
- Follow a healthy diet plan that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Limit the intake of sugary snacks and drinks.
- Consider a mouthwash that may help with bad breath and other oral health problems.
- Avoid tobacco products that can stain teeth and tongue.
- Get your teeth cleaned by a dental professional every six months.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends starting the practice of visiting a dentist for children by their first birthday.
Children are highly susceptible to tooth decay, especially those who are on bottle feed. Tooth decay may be caused by too much sugar left on the teeth after bottle feeding.
To avoid decay, follow these tips:
- Only bottle feed during mealtimes.
- Wean off bottle feeding practice in children from one year.
- Fill the bottle with waterat bedtime to soothe them.
- Begin brushing with a soft baby toothbrush once their baby teeth start to come in.
- Should use only water until your child learns not to swallow the toothpaste.
- Start seeing a pediatric dentist regularly for your child.
- Talk to a dentist about putting fluoride varnish on your child’s teeth as soon as the first tooth appears.
Following a simple oral care routine helps maintain overall body health and could save a lot of time and money that may otherwise be spent relentlessly on numerous dental schedules and medication. A healthy mouth makes for a healthy body.
- Oral Health - (https://www.who.int/health-topics/oral-health#tab=tab_1)
- What Can Adults Do to Maintain Good Oral Health? - (https://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/basics/adult-oral-health/tips.html)
- Taking Care of Your Teeth and Mouth - (https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/taking-care-your-teeth-and-mouth)
- Oral Health Topics - (https://www.ada.org/en/member-center/oral-health-topics/home-care)
Latest Publications and Research on Top 7 Benefits of Good Oral Hygiene
- Comparison of CD34 Expression in Fibrous Reactive Hyperplasia and Healthy Oral Mucosa. - Published by PubMed
- Effects of Exercise on Sleep Quality in Pregnant Women:A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. - Published by PubMed
- PREVALENCE OF NONCARIOUS CERVICAL LESIONS AMONG ADULTS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. - Published by PubMed
- Smartphone application-assisted oral hygiene of orthodontic patients: a multicentre randomized controlled trial in adolescents. - Published by PubMed
- Association between water, sanitation, general hygiene and oral hygiene practices of street-involved young people in Southwest Nigeria. - Published by PubMed
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Dr Jayashree. "Top 7 Benefits of Good Oral Hygiene". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/top-7-benefits-of-good-dental-hygiene.htm. (accessed Jun 30, 2022).
Dr Jayashree. 2021. Top 7 Benefits of Good Oral Hygiene. Medindia, viewed Jun 30, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/top-7-benefits-of-good-dental-hygiene.htm.
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