Prevention is Better Than CureIn India, Delhi has been the worst affected city with a record of over 16,000 dengue cases in 2015 and still counting. Dengue is a viral disease that is not contagious with the main reason for its spread being the breeding of mosquitoes carrying the dengue virus. Dengue has no effective cure and a dengue vaccine is still under clinical trials. But dengue can be easily prevented by taking precautionary measures early.
Top 15 Do’s and Don’ts for Preventing Dengue fever
- Prevent entry of mosquitoes by installing screens on windows
- Use mosquito repellants like creams, mats and coils.
- Dengue carrying mosquitoes have black and white stripes and bite mostly on the knees, legs, neck and ears. Therefore, protect against mosquito bites in these areas. .
- Wear full-sleeved clothes
- Eliminate all mosquito breeding sites and prevent water-logging in surroundings
- Use mosquito nets on beds while sleeping
- Clean water coolers and water tanks frequently and keep all water resources fully covered.
- Dengue mosquitoes can breed only in clean water not in dirty water. Therefore, regularly clean your water storage containers.
- Create awareness about the spread of dengue in your locality.
- Educate children on dengue symptoms and keep a close watch on their activities.
- Do not accumulate old tyres, water tanks, tubes, plastic containers, etc. as they act as breeding grounds for the mosquitoes.
- Do not allow children to wear short-sleeved clothes and play in water puddles and stagnant water bodies.
- Do not assume symptoms and self-medicate
- Do not use alternative medicines that are advertised as they are not backed by medical research.
- Do not keep water containers open as they can attract mosquitoes to breed.
Top 15 Do’s and Don’ts for Managing Dengue fever
- Closely observe symptoms as they develop once infected with the dengue virus.
- Always see a doctor immediately if dengue symptoms are suspected and do a dengue diagnosis test.
- Patients must intake lots of fluids regularly to stay hydrated as dengue causes dehydration.
- Loss of plasma cells is one of the prominent symptoms of dengue. Eat immunity-boosting fruits, and drink fruit juices rich in Vitamin C.
- Dengue patients must be kept isolated and monitored continuously. If symptoms worsen they should be taken to a nearby hospital immediately.
- Drugs such as paracetamol for fever must only be given to patients only if a doctor prescribes it.
- Spray aerosols during day time to keep the mosquitoes away.
- Monitor patients closely for symptoms like vomiting, bleeding or weakened pulse rate.
- If dengue hemorrhagic patients experience hypotensive shock, timely intravenous therapy with isotonic crystalloid solution should alleviate it.
- In case of severe bleeding, opt for blood transfusion after the doctor prescribes.
- Watch the patient for more than two days even after symptoms disappear.
- Do not give antibiotics as dengue is caused by a virus, not a bacteria.
- Do not give NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like aspirin, ibuprofen and steroids as they can cause severe bleeding.
- Do not provide intravenous therapy until administered and do not self-medicate.
- Do not wait till symptoms manifest, early dengue treatment is always recommended.
Latest Publications and Research on Top 15 Do´s and Don´ts for Preventing and Managing Dengue FeverAn ensemble forecast model of dengue in Guangzhou, China using climate and social media surveillance data. - Published by PubMed
Vitamin D Receptor polymorphisms and risk of enveloped virus infection: A meta-analysis. - Published by PubMed
Ten-years trend of dengue research in Indonesia and South-east Asian countries: a bibliometric analysis. - Published by PubMed
Blockade of dengue virus entry into myeloid cells by endocytic inhibitors in the presence or absence of antibodies. - Published by PubMed
An ensemble forecast model of dengue in Guangzhou, China using climate and social media surveillance data. - Published by PubMed