Written by Mita Majumdar, M.Sc. | 

Article Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team on Sep 26, 2018

Moringa: The Miracle Tree

‘Virtually all of the hungry, many of the overweight, and others of normal weight are debilitated by a deficiency of essential vitamins and minerals.’ – World Health Organization

The solution to this problem may actually lie with Moringa oleifera, a tree that has all the vitamins and minerals, and all the amino acids needed for a healthy body.

Moringa oleifera is the scientific name for the popular drumstick tree (Hindi - saijna, Tamil – murungai), grown in almost all tropical and sub-tropical regions. This fast-growing, drought-resistant tree is native to southern foothills of the Himalayas in northwestern India. Cultivation of this tree in India dates back to thousands of years.

The tree grows rapidly even in poor soils. It is well adapted to droughts, and is able to reach up to 15 m in height. The flowers and  fruits appear only twice every year, and seeds or stem cuttings are used to propagate the tree.

All parts of Moringa are used in some form or the other: its leaves, immature pods (drumstick), seeds and flowers, and oil pressed from mature seeds.  For example, flowers of M. oleifera are rich in calcium, potassium and antioxidants, and are used in various dishes.
  • Leaves are an excellent source of protein with 100 g of fresh raw leaves providing 9.8g of protein.
  • Fresh pods and seeds are a good source of a mono-unsaturated fatty acid, oleic acid.
  • The seeds are used to treat allergies, inflammation, bacteria, neuralgia, abdominal tumors, and fever.
Moringa Seeds/ Drumstick Seeds: Allergies
  • This multipurpose tree is one of those plants that are compatible with sustainable agriculture.
  • Moringa is used as forage for livestock.
  • The tree parts are used as adjuvant (agent that enhances the immune response to an antigen) in modern medicine.
  • Many parts and extracts of M. oleifera,including root bark, are used for treating various ailments such as diabetes, hypertension, inflammation and infectious diseases.
  • In traditional medicine it is used as anthelmintic, and also for treatment of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, ulcers, and gastrointestinal problems.
  • The plant is used as an aphrodisiac to stimulate sex drive.
  • Moringa leaf can increase breast milk production in the early period after childbirth.
  • Moringa oil is used in traditional medicine in treating snakebites or wounds. It is also used in hair care products and also as machine lubricants.
Moringa Oil / Drumstick Oil: Treat Snake Bites
  • The seed cake left after oil extraction is used as fertilizer.
Moringa tree has been referred to as the ‘Miracle tree’ for its versatility and experts all over the world believe Moringa to be an ideal plant to combat under-nutrition because of its nutritional benefits and availability. It has been estimated that fresh leaves of moringa plant contain -
  • 4 times the vitamin A of carrots
  • 7 times the vitamin C of oranges
  • 4 times the calcium of milk
  • 3 times the potassium of bananas
  • 2 times the protein of yogurt
It is also a rich source of iron having almost three-fourth of the amount present in spinach leaves.

Thus, Moringa oleifera provides a variety of vitamins, minerals and protein amino acids with significantly less fat, less carbohydrate and fewer calories. Given its health and other benefits, Moringa is no wonder called the Tree of Life.

Drumstick leaves, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt

The nutritional values of "Drumstick leaves, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt" per 100 grams are:
Nutrition Summary
Total Calories 60
Protein 5.3 g
Fat 0.4 g
Carbohydrate 11.2 g
NutrientsAmount%Daily Value
Calcium, Ca 151 mg 15.1 %
Copper, Cu 0.09 mg 4.3 %
Iron, Fe 2.32  mg 12.89 %
Magnesium, Mg 151 mg 37.75 %
Manganese, Mn 0.87 mg 43.4 %
Phosphorus, P 67 mg 6.7 %
Potassium, K 344  mg 9.83 %
Selenium, Se 0.9 mcg 1.29 %
Sodium, Na 245 mg 10.21 %
Zinc, Zn 0.49 mg 3.27 %
Vitamin A 7013  IU 140.26 %
Vitamin C 31 mg 51.67 %
Vitamin B6 0.93 mg 46.45 %
Vitamin E 0.1 mg 0.33 %
Vitamin K 108  mcg 135 %
Riboflavin 0.51  mg 29.94 %
Thiamin 0.22 mg 14.8 %
Folate, DFE 23  mcg 5.75 %
Niacin 2  mg 9.98 %
Sugars 1 g
Fiber 2  g 8 %
Cholesterol 0 mg 0 %
Water 81.65 g
Carotene, alpha 0 mcg
Carotene, beta 4208  mcg
Choline 21 mg
Lycopene 0  mcg
View all +
Data source: USDA Nutrient Database, R25
*Percent Daily Values (%DV) are based on a 2,000 calorie reference diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower based on your individual needs.


  1. Possible Role of Moringa oleifera Lam. Root in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1924986/)
  2. Management of Social Transformations (MOST) Programme - (http://www.unesco.org/new/en/social-and-human-sciences/themes/most-programme/)

Latest Publications and Research on Moringa


@Guest Saturday, September 9, 2017

Hi, my self Vidya .[41 yr. old] ... I am taking drumstick juice daily since 1 month.. is it cause of heave bleeding during periods /germs.

@Guest Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Hi,my daughter is 14 month so i feeding milk ,so we drink this tea

M.Naeem Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Hi, Can you please explain me how to make "Tea" by using Moringa/ Drumstick leaves or seeds...

halksjim Saturday, September 16, 2017

For which propose the Moringa/ Drumstick leaves or seeds are helpful?

ajinnv Friday, January 10, 2014

if we eat drumstick daily will our skin becomes black

mitamajumdar Friday, January 10, 2014

hi ajinnv, no, it doesn't darken the skin. actually no food can darken the skin because skin color is determined by the amount of melanin present in the body. nothing we eat can actually affect melanin. hope this helps.

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