About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Diet in Tuberculosis

Font : A-A+

About

Patients with tuberculosis should eat a healthy diet so that they build up their immunity to fight against the disease.

Advertisement

Tuberculosis and malnutrition are closely related. While malnutrition can reduce immunity and make a person more susceptible to tuberculosis, tuberculosis can also lead to malnutrition. Tuberculosis reduces appetite, thereby reducing total food intake. In addition, it prevents the absorption of nutrients and micronutrients from the intestine. It also alters metabolism in the individual. Patients with severe tuberculosis often lose some of their muscle mass and appear wasted. Malnutrition has been associated with increased deaths in tuberculosis patients.

Diet in Tuberculosis / Tuberculosis Diet

Malnutrition can result in a false negative tuberculin test in patients with tuberculosis, thus delaying the diagnosis in the patient.

Patients with tuberculosis have been found to have micronutrient deficiencies, which may affect their immunity status. Micronutrients are essential nutrients that are required by the body in small amounts. Patients with tuberculosis often suffer from deficiencies of zinc, vitamins including vitamin A, D, C and E, selenium, iron and copper.

Before the advent of antituberculosis drugs, nutrition played an important role in the treatment of tuberculosis. Even today, adequate nutrition can help the patient to recover faster with the treatment.

There is no prescribed diet for a patient with tuberculosis. A balanced diet could help to meet the nutritional requirements of the patient. Here are some guidelines that should be remembered while suggesting a diet for a tuberculosis patient:

A person with tuberculosis may have a poor appetite because of the disease itself and as a side effect of the medications. It is therefore necessary to recommend foods that the patient will enjoy eating. The patient may be recommended more frequent and smaller meals.

Tuberculosis Diet - Eat Small

The patient should be advised adequate proteins in the diet. Tuberculosis can cause loss of muscle mass, which can be avoided by taking adequate protein. Foods rich in protein like meat, milk and milk products, pulses, fish and eggs can be recommended. Protein-rich drinks can also be advised, especially if the patient has a low appetite.

Tuberculosis Diet - Protein Foods

Micronutrients help to increase the immunity and are often deficient in tuberculosis patient. Foods rich in micronutrients should be advised to the patient. Vitamin A is present in liver, eggs, green leafy vegetables, and carrots. Vitamin B6 is present in cereals, meat and dry fruits. Citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C. Foods rich in iron include liver, kidney, whole grain cereals and dark green leafy vegetables. Fresh fruits and salad vegetables should form a part of the diet as they are not only tasty and easy to digest, but they are also rich in micronutrients. In addition, the patient should also be prescribed nutritional supplements to prevent their deficiency.

Advertisement

Children with tuberculosis require additional care in terms of nutrition. The dietary intake should be enough to tide with the disease as well as to ensure that the child’s growth is not retarded.

Alcohol should be avoided as far as far as possible. Alcohol damages the liver, and anti-tuberculosis medications also often affect the liver. Therefore, patients should be advised to keep away from alcohol.

Guidelines of Diet in Tuberculosis: Avoid Alcohol

Reference:

  1. Gupta KB et al. Tuberculosis and nutrition. Lung India. 2009 Jan-Mar; 26(1): 9–16.


Latest Publications and Research on Diet in Tuberculosis

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. (2018, August 16). Diet in Tuberculosis | Tuberculosis Diet. Medindia. Retrieved on May 19, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/diet-in-tuberculosis.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. "Diet in Tuberculosis | Tuberculosis Diet". Medindia. May 19, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/diet-in-tuberculosis.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. "Diet in Tuberculosis | Tuberculosis Diet". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/diet-in-tuberculosis.htm. (accessed May 19, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. 2021. Diet in Tuberculosis | Tuberculosis Diet. Medindia, viewed May 19, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/diet-in-tuberculosis.htm.


Request an Appointment with a Doctor (Nutrition Expert)

Ms. Himaja H
Ms. Himaja H
BSc, MSc
12 years experience
Health and Nutrify clinic, Serlingampally
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Pratiksha Prashant
Dr. Pratiksha  Prashant
Masters in Dietitics, Masters in Health Science, International Health coach, International diabetic educator, Certification in Vedic nutrition, Bachelors in Dental Surgery
7 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Varsha
Dr.  Varsha
PhD
39 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

Imayavaramban

Do malnutrition alone leads to tuberculosis?

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    What's New on Medindia
    Black Water: Benefits and Uses
    World Hypertension Day 2022 - Measure Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer!
    Drinking This Popular Beverage May Drop Dementia Risk
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Daily Calorie Requirements Indian Medical Journals How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips Iron Intake Calculator Drug - Food Interactions Hearing Loss Calculator Noscaphene (Noscapine) Sanatogen Color Blindness Calculator Calculate Ideal Weight for Infants

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
    open close
    CONSULT A DOCTOR