How to Prevent Breast Cancer?
Cancer researchers opine that lifestyle choices are the main risk factors for breast cancer and by changing their lifestyle women can alter these modifiable risks. Following are the risk factors, confirmed by research studies that are affected by lifestyle choice.
- Age of childbearing Researchers suggest that women who have no children or who have their first child after the age of 30 have a higher risk for breast cancer.
- Use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) A British study found that HRT is associated with increased risk of breast cancer and the effect is substantially greater for estrogen-progestagen combinations. Women aged 54 to 64 years and women who used HRT for ten year or more run the higher risk of getting breast cancer.
- Breast feeding A large study on breast cancer and breast feeding found that the relative risk of breast cancer decreased by 4.3 percent for every 12 months of breastfeeding and the longer women breast feed the more they are protected against breast cancer.
- Alcohol - A collaborative reanalysis of data from 53 epidemiological studies suggests that four percent of the breast cancers in developed countries are attributable to alcohol but in developing countries where the alcohol consumption averaged only 0.4 g/day, alcohol has a negligible effect on the incidence of breast cancer.
- Obesity A systematic review on obesity and breast cancer risk suggests that central obesity amongst pre-menopausal women may be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. Fat spread out all over the body may not cause breast cancer.
- Physical activity A case control study data reveals that lifetime physical activity is associated with decreased breast cancer risk. And recreational physical activity at ages 14-20 years is the most beneficial.
The following lifestyle changes can help lower your chances of getting breast cancer.
- Maintaining a healthy weight According to an important study, women who prevented weight gain between the age of 18 years to menopause or those women who maintained weight from age 18 to 30 and then lost weight till menopause reduced their risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. So, get the scales out and keep a tab on your weight
- Eating healthy Experts suggest that 20-80 percent of risk is linked to diet. Reduce the calorie and fat content of the dishes without compromising on the taste or cutting down on the serving size. Go for foods that are high in water content or absorb water as they cook (pasta, pulses, you get the idea). Consume fresh veggies and fruits
- Breastfeeding your baby Give your baby the best start in life by breastfeeding them. Breast milk provides all the nutrition the baby needs. Breastfeeding not only boosts your babys immune system and protects them from infection, it also helps you lower your risk for breast cancer
- Being physically active Being physically active will help lower your chances for developing breast cancer by eliminating the risk factors such as obesity, high estrogen levels. The American Cancer Society suggests that you exercise for 45 to 60 minutes 5 or more days a week. Further, physical activity can lower the risk of developing other serious health conditions such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, dementia, and depression
- Limiting alcoholic drinks Although modest consumption of alcohol may have a protective effect on heart disease, the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) recommends not drinking alcohol at all. If you do, then limit your intake to one a day. A recent U. S. research has cautioned against a single drink a day too. According to them, even a drink a day could double the risk of lobular type breast cancer but it didnt increase the risk of ductal type breast cancer
These lifestyle changes can lower the risk for developing breast cancer; however, all these lifestyle changes are applicable even if you already have breast cancer. Along with the breast cancer treatment, some lifestyle choices can improve the quality of your life and help you cope with the disease.
- Travis et al. Gene-environment interactions in 7610 women with breast cancer: prospective evidence from the Million Women Study. The Lancet, Volume 375, Issue 9732, Pages 2143-2151.
- Beral V, et al. Breast cancer and hormone-replacement therapy in the Million Women Study. Lancet. 2003 Aug 9;362(9382):419-27.
- Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer. Breast cancer and breastfeeding: collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 47 epidemiological studies in 30 countries, including 50302 women with breast cancer and 96973 women without the disease. Lancet. 2002 Jul 20;360(9328):187-95.
- Hamajima N, et al. Alcohol, tobacco and breast cancer--collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 53 epidemiological studies, including 58,515 women with breast cancer and 95,067 women without the disease. Br J Cancer. 2002 Nov 18;87(11):1234-45.
- Harvie M, Hooper L, Howell AH. Central obesity and breast cancer risk: a systematic review. Obes Rev. 2003 Aug;4(3):157-73.
- Kruk J. Lifetime physical activity and the risk of breast cancer: a case-control study. Cancer Detect Prev. 2007;31(1):18-28. Epub 2007 Feb 12.
- Harvie M, et al.Association of gain and loss of weight before and after menopause with risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in the Iowa women''s health study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Mar;14(3):656-61.
- Mueller PS, Plevak DJ, Rummans TA. Religious involvement, spirituality, and medicine: implications for clinical practice. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001 Dec;76(12):1225-35.
- Choumanova, I., Wanat, S., Barrett, R. and Koopman, C. (2006), Religion and Spirituality in Coping with Breast Cancer: Perspectives of Chilean Women. The Breast Journal, 12: 349352.
- Winzelberg, A. J., Classen, C., Alpers, G. W., Roberts, H., Koopman, C., Adams, R. E., Ernst, H., Dev, P. and Taylor, C. B. (2003), Evaluation of an internet support group for women with primary breast cancer. Cancer, 97: 11641173.
- Spiegel, D., Bloom, J.R., and Yalom, I. (1981). Group support for patients with metastatic cancer. A randomized outcome study. Arch Gen Psychiatry 38(5): 527-33.
- Helgeson VS, Cohen S, Schulz R, Yasko J. Group support interventions for women with breast cancer: who benefits from what? Health Psychol. 2000 Mar;19(2):107-14.]
- Chlebowski RT, et al. Dietary fat reduction and breast cancer outcome: interim efficacy results from the Women''s Intervention Nutrition Study. J Natl Cancer Inst 2006, 98:1767-1776.
- Antoni MH, Lehman JM, Kilbourn KM, Boyers AE, Culver JL, Alferi SM, Yount SE, McGregor BA, Arena PL, Harris SD, Price AA, Carver CS. Cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention decreases the prevalence of depression and enhances benefit finding among women under treatment for early-stage breast cancer. Health Psychol. 2001 Jan;20(1):20-32.
- Cruess DG, Antoni MH, McGregor BA, Kilbourn KM, Boyers AE, Alferi SM, Carver CS, Kumar M. Cognitive-behavioral stress management reduces serum cortisol by enhancing benefit finding among women being treated for early stage breast cancer. Psychosom Med. 2000 May-Jun;62(3):304-8.
- Granath J, Ingvarsson S, von Thiele U, Lundberg U. Stress management: a randomized study of cognitive behavioural therapy and yoga. Cogn Behav Ther. 2006;35(1):3-10.
- Nidich SI, Fields JZ, Rainforth MV, Pomerantz R, Cella D, Kristeller J, Salerno JW, Schneider RH. A randomized controlled trial of the effects of transcendental meditation on quality of life in older breast cancer patients. Integr Cancer Ther. 2009 Sep;8(3):228-34.
- Mustian KM, Palesh OG, Flecksteiner SA. Tai Chi Chuan for breast cancer survivors. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:209-17.
- Hanser SB, Bauer-Wu S, Kubicek L, Healey M, Manola J, Hernandez M, Bunnell C. Effects of a music therapy intervention on quality of life and distress in women with metastatic breast cancer. J Soc Integr Oncol. 2006 Summer;4(3):116-24.
- What Causes Cancer? - (http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/BreastCancer/OverviewGuide/breast-cancer-overview-what-causes)
- Evaluation of the current knowledge limitations in breast cancer research: a gap analysis - (http://breast-cancer-research.com/content/10/2/R26#B108)
- Limit alcohol consumption - (http://www.wcrf-uk.org/preventing_cancer/recommendations/alcohol_and_cancer.php)
- Science Translational Medicine: Iron Regulation Linked to Breast Cancer Survival Rate - (http://www.aaas.org/news/releases/2010/0805sp_cancer.shtml)
- Nutrition for Breast Cancer Patients and Survivors - (http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/avon_foundation_breast_center/treatments_services/nutrition.html)
Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:
Mita Majumdar. (2018, December 20). Preventing Breast Cancer with Lifestyle Changes. Medindia. Retrieved on Mar 27, 2023 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/breast-cancer-and-lifestyle-prevention.htm.
Mita Majumdar. "Preventing Breast Cancer with Lifestyle Changes". Medindia. Mar 27, 2023. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/breast-cancer-and-lifestyle-prevention.htm>.
Mita Majumdar. "Preventing Breast Cancer with Lifestyle Changes". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/breast-cancer-and-lifestyle-prevention.htm. (accessed Mar 27, 2023).
Mita Majumdar. 2021. Preventing Breast Cancer with Lifestyle Changes. Medindia, viewed Mar 27, 2023, https://www.medindia.net/patients/lifestyleandwellness/breast-cancer-and-lifestyle-prevention.htm.
Breast cancer can be earlier detected with mammograms. That's why it is really important to have yourself checked when you are already in your 40s or if you have a high risk for cancer [family history].
is cancer a hereditary disease ?? yes mainly mid 40 age women are prone to get breast cancer.. document management