Policy ThrustThe policy suggests a good rise of 2.5% GDP of the public health expenditure in a short period. The general tax is a source of financing care. The government is planning increased tax on specific commodities such as tobacco, alcohol and non-healthy food products to improve healthcare. It is to ensure adequate investment for the policy to address health goals.
Policy Prevention and Promoting HealthThere are seven priority areas in which the policy will take action to improve the environment for health:
- The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
- Balanced, healthy diets and regular exercises.
- Addressing tobacco, alcohol and substance abuse
- Yatri Suraksha – preventing deaths due to rail and road traffic accidents
- Nirbhaya Nari – to take action against gender violence
- Improve the safety in the workplace and reduce stress among workers
- Reduce indoor and outdoor air pollution
To offer excellent healthcare to the vulnerable sections of the society like the poor, the old and the disabled, community support is very essential. The policy commends to strengthen the Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committee (VHSNC) and its equivalent in the urban areas.
How to Organize Public Health Care Delivery?A policy shift is necesary to organize healthcare services. The NHP proposes the following seven policy shifts:
Primary care - Free primary care by the government which includes particular care from both public and the private sector. Primary health care will be known as "Health and Wellness Services." The policy recommends centers at all geographical locations for easy access.
Secondary and Tertiary care - To assure healthcare services from in-patient to an output based strategic purchasing in a tie-up with both public and private hospital sectors. Essential secondary care services like Cesarean and neonatal care to be provided. Public health system at a primary level will be based on a feedback and follow-up mechanism.
Infrastructure and human resource development - The health policy is stepping into the 12th five-year plan to develop support and human resources. The most important aim of the NHP 2017 is to improve the healthcare quality and provide equal care to all the sectors. From a normative to targeted approach the policy aims to reach under-serviced regions.
National health programmes - The national health policy integrates with national health programmes such as National Ayush Mission (NAM), Janani Suraksha Yoghana (JSY), and so on, to provide more integrated, personalized and strengthened healthcare. They also aim to prevent health disaster and improve medical security.
AYUSH services - The policy thrusts to work in a three-dimensional work-stream which includes National Health Policy - General Health System - AYUSH. General medicine, AYUSH services such as yoga, herbal plants, among others, are considered along with general healthcare to provide adequate healthcare.