Last Updated on May 07, 2010


  • Stroke is also called 'Cerebrovascular Accident' 
  • It is an acute neurological injury 
  • It may be due to blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic) 
  • Leads to stoppage of blood supply to a part of brain 
  • Oxygen supply is decreased 
  • This initiates 'ischemic cascade'-causes brain cell death/damage 
  • This results in a cerebral stroke 


  • High Blood Pressure 
  • Diabetes 
  • Cigarette smoking 
  • Heart Disease 

  • Numbness/weakness of an arm/leg/face/one side of body 
  • Sudden confusion in speaking/understanding speech 
  • Impaired vision in one or both eyes 
  • Sudden headache 
  • Loss of balance/co-ordination 
  • Dizziness 

  • If you suspect stroke, call emergency medical help 
  • Reassure the patient 
  • Lay the patient down with head and shoulders slightly elevated 
  • If patient is not breathing well do a CPR 
  • Place the patient on the left side if breathing/not responsive 
  • Keep the chin slightly extended 
Steps To Avoid
  • Never give a suspected stroke victim anything to eat/drink 
  • Do not permit the victim to move 

  • Do regular checkups for BP 
  • Eat food with less salt 
  • Exercise regularly 
  • Eat a balanced, healthy diet 
  • Take the BP pills regularly 

Most Popular on Medindia


dixiestickel, Philippines

is water is fine after he recover his mild stroke?

ferozedhanaliwala, India

what is the medicine you give when a patent is suffering initialy with stroke, India

hello sir my mom age 65 plus is uncautios frm last 22 days due to stroke she is diabetic n b.p pateit also prescribed samozine tab with envas 5 od n amlong 10 at srinagar i need suggestions pleeeeez ?

aslam1974, United Arab Emirates

hello sir my mom is now in paralysis and serous condition iam india karnataka gulbarga iam searching hospital near gulbarga or hyderabad show me which is good thank you

capt.david, Turkey

what longer term actions should be taken if no medical facilities exists ie at sea on boat or on land days away from help
David Jackson