Last Updated on May 23, 2011

 Overview

  • Thousands suffer from snake bites, globally, every year 
  • People who live near wilderness/trekkers - more prone 
  • Even bite from a harmless snake can cause allergic reaction 

Causes

Types of Venomous Snakes
  • Viper 
  • Cobra 
  • Rattle snake 
  • Water moccasin 
  • Coral snake 
  • Copper head 

Symptoms
  • Fang marks 
  • Swelling/severe pain at the site 
  • Bloody discharge from wound 
  • Burning 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Excessive sweating 
  • Blurred vision 
  • Numbness/tingling sensation 
  • Increased thirst 
  • Vomiting

  • Symptoms of Snake Bites: Vomiting

  • Fever 
  • Loss of muscle co-ordinations 
  • Convulsions 
  • Rapid pulse 
  • Weakness/Dizziness/Fainting

  • Symptoms of Snake Bites: Fainting

Treatment

a. Seek Medical help as soon as      possible.   Meanwhile -
  • Wash wound with soap/water
  • Immobilize the affected area 
  • Keep area slightly elevated 
  • Apply cool compress/wet cloth to affected part 
  • Apply a firm bandage 2-4 inches above bite to
    i. Prevent venom from spreading
    ii.Take care of any bleeding
b. Monitor for pulse, respiration and blood pressure

Treatment of Snake Bites: Monitor Pulse

Prevention
  • Do not attempt to kill a snake. 
  • If you spot a snake, leave it alone 
  • While hiking or in the woods, stay out of tall grass 
  • Do not put your hand into pits/crevices during treks 
  • Exercise caution while climbing rocks 

Most Popular on Medindia

Comments

@seyram, Ghana

I never knew snake bites are that dangerous.i want to know about snake bites please reply. I am a student at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.

@rebeca2089470, United States

now i know what to do if a snake bites me!!!!!!!!!!!!!

@MBPCo, United States

I am interested in doing a small research project about snake bite, medicine available, number of deaths and current status of treatments. If any of you know more about this field, I will appreciate talking to you over the phone or Skype or google chat. Or you can email me more information, your input will be appreciated. Thanks, DrMuni, edu@drmuni.com

@sureshbaghel, N/A

HOW TO KNOW THAT IN SNAKE BITE HOW MUCH POISON QUANTITY INTER IN PATIENT? HOW DOCTOR CHECKS IT BEFORE GIVING ANTI SNAKE VENOM INJECTION?

@hvjprt, India

first aid treatment like sucking poison,cutting wound , tourniquest, tight bandage is of no use Best treatment is take the pt to nearby hospital where antisnake venoum serum is available

Dr Haren joshi