Last Updated on May 23, 2011

 Overview

  • Thousands suffer from snake bites, globally, every year 
  • People who live near wilderness/trekkers - more prone 
  • Even bite from a harmless snake can cause allergic reaction 


Causes

Types of Venomous Snakes
  • Viper 
  • Cobra 
  • Rattle snake 
  • Water moccasin 
  • Coral snake 
  • Copper head 

Symptoms
  • Fang marks 
  • Swelling/severe pain at the site 
  • Bloody discharge from wound 
  • Burning 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Excessive sweating 
  • Blurred vision 
  • Numbness/tingling sensation 
  • Increased thirst 
  • Vomiting

  • Symptoms of Snake Bites: Vomiting

  • Fever 
  • Loss of muscle co-ordinations 
  • Convulsions 
  • Rapid pulse 
  • Weakness/Dizziness/Fainting

  • Symptoms of Snake Bites: Fainting

Treatment

a. Seek Medical help as soon as      possible.   Meanwhile -
  • Wash wound with soap/water
  • Immobilize the affected area 
  • Keep area slightly elevated 
  • Apply cool compress/wet cloth to affected part 
  • Apply a firm bandage 2-4 inches above bite to
    i. Prevent venom from spreading
    ii.Take care of any bleeding
b. Monitor for pulse, respiration and blood pressure

Treatment of Snake Bites: Monitor Pulse

Prevention
  • Do not attempt to kill a snake. 
  • If you spot a snake, leave it alone 
  • While hiking or in the woods, stay out of tall grass 
  • Do not put your hand into pits/crevices during treks 
  • Exercise caution while climbing rocks 

Most Popular on Medindia

Comments

seyram, Ghana

I never knew snake bites are that dangerous.i want to know about snake bites please reply. I am a student at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.

rebeca2089470, United States

now i know what to do if a snake bites me!!!!!!!!!!!!!

MBPCo, United States

I am interested in doing a small research project about snake bite, medicine available, number of deaths and current status of treatments. If any of you know more about this field, I will appreciate talking to you over the phone or Skype or google chat. Or you can email me more information, your input will be appreciated. Thanks, DrMuni, edu@drmuni.com

sureshbaghel, N/A

HOW TO KNOW THAT IN SNAKE BITE HOW MUCH POISON QUANTITY INTER IN PATIENT? HOW DOCTOR CHECKS IT BEFORE GIVING ANTI SNAKE VENOM INJECTION?

hvjprt, India

first aid treatment like sucking poison,cutting wound , tourniquest, tight bandage is of no use Best treatment is take the pt to nearby hospital where antisnake venoum serum is available

Dr Haren joshi