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Puncture Wounds - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

Last Updated on Mar 25, 2011
View in Hindi
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Overview

  • Puncture wounds are injuries caused by sharp objects
  • These wounds carry dirt and germs deep into the tissues 
  • Increases the risk of infection 
  • Most wounds are minor and may be treated at home 
  • Some punctures are made by a health professional for disease treatment 
  • Even if the wound is closed, puncture wounds require treatment
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Risk Factors

  • Health professionals 
  • Drug Abusers 

Causes

Puncture wound can be caused by -

  • Nails 
  • Needles 
  • Teeth 
  • Objects like ice picks, bullets 
  • Animals, especially pets 

Symptoms

  • Pain 
  • Bleeding 
  • Bruising 
  • Swelling 
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Treatment

  • Stop the bleeding applying gentle pressure 
  • Clean the wound 
  • Try to remove embedded debris carefully 
  • Soak wound in warm water for 20 minutes 
  • This should be done 2-3 times a day 
  • Pat the area dry 
  • Apply an antibiotic cream 
  • Apply a bandage 
  • If the bandage needs to be changed, unwrap carefully 
  • If the bandage sticks to the body, use warm water to loosen it 
  • Pat dry and apply fresh bandage 
  • Change the dressing regularly 
  • Try to keep the wound above the level of your heart, for 24 hrs 
  • This quickens healing 
  • Rest for 3-5 days 
  • Look out for infection 
  • Take a Tetanus Toxoid injection, if you have not taken it in 5 years 
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Consult a Doctor

In case of-

  • Human/animal bite 
  • High temperature 
  • Bleeding 
  • Worsening Pain 
  • Numbness 
  • Swelling 
  • Redness 
  • Pus 
  • Bad odor 

Prevention

  • Health professionals should wear gloves whenever required 
  • Be careful while handling needles/other sharp objects 
  • Exercise caution while handling pets 
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Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

SecretEver, Singapore

For animal bites , it is best and advised for the patient to consult a doctor and check for rabies.

Its better to be safe than sorry.

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