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Gastroenteritis - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

Last Updated on May 05, 2012
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Overview

  • Gastroenteritis is inflammation of stomach and intestines
  • Can affect- any one, any age, any time
  • Symptoms prominent in children
  • Depending on cause, it may last for a day or a week 
  • Use of drugs like aspirin can increase the risk
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Causes

  • Bacteria contaminated food / water
  • Viral infection
  • Stress
  • Irregular/ improper diet
  • Tobacco or substance abuse
  • Reaction to a new food
  • Reaction to medication

Symptoms

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Cramps/Abdominal pain
  • Dehydration
  • Weakness
  • Fever/Chills, occasionally
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Treatment

  • Adequate rest is advised
  • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
  • Gradually eat easy -to-digest food
  • Avoid diary products
  • Avoid eating if nauseated
  • Do not give water to a child with gastroenteritis
  • Give other prescribed rehydration liquids
  • Or give a mixture of salt and glucose in water
  • Consider nursing the baby 
  • Consider acetaminophen for relief
  • Avoid acetaminophen in case of liver disease
  • Avoid aspirin
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Consult a doctor if 

  • Vomiting/Diarrhea persists   
  • Diarrhea is bloody
  • Acute dehydration occurs
  • Fever persists
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Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

stockbuster, India

I HAVE SEVERE GAS PROBLEM, GAS RELEASES FROM BOTH TOP AND BOTTOM WHAT TO DO

janet, India

doctor my fiancee is facing gastric probs recently.everytime he feels his stomach bloated very uneasy feeling.if he eats spicy he gets pain in the stomach or motions or tight feeling in the stomach.everyday he has to hv curdrice which he is tired of eatin.can u suggest sum remedy where he can eat little spicy food n avoid the bloated feeling and wht he should take care.what food he should avoid.or after eatin spicy what he shoud hv.eatin spicy means should he avoid chilly or any type of masala

elkadeky, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

thank you

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