Last Updated on Jun 20, 2011

What is Dandruff?

  • White flakes of dead skin 
  • Dandruff mostly affects scalp
  • Not a health hazard but a nuisance


  • Itchy, scaly scalp


  • A fungus, Malassezia
  • It feeds on scalp's natural oils 
  • Produces acid which causes itch
  • Other factors-
    a. Climate
    b. Stress
    c. Hormone production
    d. Oily skin
    e. Food habits 

  • Use anti-dandruff, conditioner-based shampoo
  • Rinse scalp for 5 minutes with shampoo
  • If resistant, apply 1 % hydrocortisone cream
  • If severe, consult a dermatologist /trichologist
  • Cannot be prevented but managed 
  • Use good quality shampoo 
  • Wash hair frequently 
  • Avoid using gels/ waxes
  • Eat a healthy diet

Related infections
  • Psoriasis, Impetigo, Tinea capitis

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clinicspots, India

A very nice article on first aid on dandruff. Dandruff is a problem which comes if you do not take care of your hair. As a medical counselor I have to say hair problems are growing in today's world. Skin disease, Genetic problem, Stress problems can account to hair loss problems. People keep neglecting their hair each day resulting to hair loss problem.

mumbai, India

What will i do? for my dandruff problem, is there any shampoo or soap to clear.

crazy, India

for better result wash your hair with diluted savlon solution once in month preferably. it gives better result. and also prevents infection.