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Choking - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

Last Updated on May 05, 2013
View in Hindi
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Overview

  • Occurs when foreign object is lodged in windpipe
  • This blocks oxygen supply to brain 
  • In adults, choking occurs due to food
  • In children it also occurs on swallowing an object
  • Choking could be fatal, if first aid not given
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Causes

  • Swallowing a large piece of food
  • Swallowing food that is not well chewed
  • Eating food quickly
  • Eating and talking
  • Consuming alcohol before a meal
  • Wearing dentures
  • Being careless about children
  • Walking / playing with food in mouth

Symptoms

  • Hands will grasp throat
  • Breathlessness
  • Noisy breathing
  • Inability to cough
  • Skin, nails and lips may turn blue
  • Loss of consciousness
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Treatment

  • Heimlich maneuver and CPR –2 techniques
  • If person is unable to talk, try Heimlich maneuver
  • Forces the diaphragm upto the lungs 
  • Creates an artificial cough

Heimlich Maneuver on a Standing Person

  • Stand behind the person
  • Form a fist with one hand
  • Place fist below ribcage, thumb inward
  • Hold the fist with other hand
  • Keep arms off ribcage
  • Give four inward and upward thrust
  • Repeat till the object is ejected
  • Same method is used for a child too

Heimlich Maneuver On an Unconscious Person

  • If person is lying down, straddle the person with your knees
  • Place heel of one hand above waistline
  • Place other hand over the first
  • Give four inward and upward thrust
  • Repeat till object is coughed out

Heimlich Maneuver On an Infant 

  • Place your forearm over your raised knees
  • Place the infant face down over your fore arm
  • Give four blows using the heel of your hand
  • Repeat till object comes out
  • If it does not work, turn the baby 
  • Place two fingers an inch below the imaginary line connecting nipples
  • Give four thrusts forcefully to bring out the object
  • Repeat if required
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Prevention

  • While eating, concentrate on the task
  • Do not eat quickly, without chewing
  • Supervise children while they eat
  • Give easily chewable, soft food to children
  • Do not leave tiny objects within the reach of children

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

22222, India

what is the exact word for choking

AnnaG, Belize

my baby 21 month old Jaydan Guy died at the hospital after he was rush to the emergency room choking on an unknown object. we live 2 minutes drive from the hospital and eventhough we reported he was choking doctors say his symtoms were consitent to that of a seizure and treated for that instead.. he continue to loose oxygen because his airways were never cleared. I never should have lost my baby..

ChokingFirstAid.com, India

Choking could become a serious problem if you don't have the tools to save a life. People should know the basics of first aid in order to save people's life in an emergency situation :)

SecretEver, Singapore

For an unconscious victim, after foreign body has been removed. Check for breathing ,
Air
Breathing
Circulation

If absence of ABC, Phone for an ambulance and initiate CPR.

Remember CPR Can save lives, Do it well , Do right , and the patient gets a chance at life.

pihu.s, India

awesome answers........specially fr the students who r give headknokin projects....truly it helped me a lot

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