Last Updated on Mar 19, 2018

About Cardiac Arrest

• Often caused by abnormal heart rhythm
• This aberrant rhythm is ventricular fibrillation (VF)
• During VF heart stops pumping blood
• Patient may stop breathing
• No pulse may be detected
• A shock to the heart, called defibrillation, required
• Defibrillation stops VF, restores heart function

What is CPR?

• Emergency life-saving measure
• Combination of rescue breathing & chest compressions
• Done on unconscious/ non-breathing patient
• Done on persons suffering cardiac arrest
• Also for near-drowning/ asphyxiation/ trauma cases
• CPR conducts defibrillation
• Supports heart pumping for short duration
• Allows oxygen to reach brain
• Buys time till help arrives
• More effective when done as early as possible

What is New in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

1. Algorithms may Save the Day by Guiding People to Give CPR Properly

In the event of a cardiorespiratory arrest, two actions are crucial for the patient's survival: cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation. A new algorithm can help the rescuer give Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) effectively, finds a new study. This innovative method can help improve the quality of chest compressions.

2. Wanna Live Longer? Follow ‘Formula of 80’

Learning the basics of CPR can help reduce mortality rate through timely assistance before medical help arrives. Using CPR and following the 'Formula of 80' can help you live above 80 years, revealed Dr. K K Aggarwal at the Fairfield Institute of Management Technology (FIMT) Group of Institutions in Mahipalpur, New Delhi.


• Clear the airway
• Assess if the person is conscious / breathing
• Lay the person on his back on a hard surface
• Using a head tilt -chin lift open his airway
• Check for breathing sound
• If not breathing, start mouth-to-mouth breathing

Mouth-to-mouth breathing

• Pinch the person's nostril shut
• Seal his mouth with your own
• Give the first breath, lasting one second
• Watch if chest rises
• If it rises, give second rescue breath
• If it does not rise, give a head tilt- chin lift
• Now give second rescue breath

Restore circulation through compression

• Place heel of your palm on patient's chest
• Place your other hand above first
• Keep elbows straight
• Push down using upper body weight (compress)
• Push hard and fast
• After 30 compressions, clear airway
• Give two rescue breaths
• This is one cycle
• Give 100 compressions /minute
• Continue CPR till medical help arrives

CPR for children (under 8 yrs/ infant)

• Procedure almost same as for adult
• Following details should be incorporated
• 20 breaths/min should be delivered
• 100 compressions/minute should be given
• Chest compressions - given with one hand


• If done well, CPR saves life
• Normalcy is restored in rescued person
• CPR can also be ineffective, causing death
• In some cases, causes injuries / damages


• Ribs/heart/lungs/ liver may be injured
• After CPR, medical attention should be given

CPR training

• CPR - practical skill acquired through training
• Professional training/ regular practice mandatory
• CPR not confined to medical professionals
• Community organizations, like Red Cross, conduct training

Most Popular on Medindia



I wish to undergo CPR Training and Certification as I am planing to take up certification for Personal Trainer for which CPR Certificate is mandatory.

samrendra, India

thanks for such a huge helpful information

putul, India

thanks for creating awareness about CPR/BLS, among common people.The AHA- guide line 2010, simplifies CPR for lay man as chest compression CPR as the bystander may not be trained enough to clear or open the airway by head tilt & chin lift; so it is better to provide (if rescuer is alone)- 30 effective chest compression( hard & fast) in the middle of sternum( breast bone)in adult , child & infant. then only open the airway to provide 2 - rescue breaths.Remember CAB( C= chest compression, A= open the Airway, B = provide Rescue breaths)

Priyam_Punk, India

XD awesome web site!Helped me on ma S.ST. project

chirag.jain, India

this is vry good wesite please advertise this website many people wil thank youu