Last Updated on Jun 20, 2011

 Overview

  • Progressive disease affecting oral cavity
  • Characterized by chronic bleeding of gums
  • May lead to tooth loss 

Causes

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Inadequate plaque removal 
  • Oral trauma, like toothbrush abrasion
  • Inflammation caused by infection
  • Vitamin C / K deficiency
  • Hot food 
  • Chemical irritants
  • Leukemia
  • Pregnancy 

Treatment
  • Apply pressure using ice-pack 
  • Mouth rinse: Pinch of salt in lukewarm water 
  • Rinse twice a day to reduce swelling
  • Consult a dentist if bleeding continues
  • Avoid aspirin intake 
  • Massage gums regularly
  • Reline poorly fitted dentures
  • Take vitamin supplements if necessary

Prevention
  • Avoid Tobacco
  • Avoid snacking between meals
  • Reduce Carbohydrate- rich food
  • Remove plaque every 6 months
  • Brush teeth using soft-bristled brush
  • Floss teeth regularly

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Comments

@buseen1973

Most natural treatments at home are safe when taken wisely with a little bit of common sense.

@Cresta, India

Remember, a good oral hygiene is the symbol of good overall health. So, it should be maintained in a proper way with regular brushing, flossing and with good oral habits. Also, it will be important to make a regular visit with a dentist or an orthodontist at routine intervals can help to avoid issues from starting stage itself.

@mary54, Australia

What do you do with a casualty who has bleeding gums and one tooth missing?