Protease Inhibitors (PIs)
PIs disable protease, a protein that HIV needs to make more copies of itself.
Long term side effects of protease inhibitors: Change in blood sugar levels
- Increase in blood fat levels
- Deposition of fat in the abdomen and on the back of the shoulders.
|Invirase||Five 200 mg capsules of Invirase + one 100 mg of Norvir, twice a day.||Nausea, diarrhea, stomach discomfort, insominia, headache, increased liver enzyme levels. Invirase and Norvir should be taken with food, or within 2 hours after a meal.|
|Fortovase||Six 200 mg capsules, three times a day plus one 100 mg Norvir, twice daily.||Nausea, diarrhea, stomach discomfort, insominia, headache, increased liver enzyme levels.|
|Norvir/Ritonavir||Six 100mg capsules, twice a day.||Nausea, diarrhea, stomach discomfort, insominia, headache, increased liver enzyme levels, loss of appetite, oral tingling and numbness. Capsules should be stored in refrigerator, Used at lower doses to enhance other protease inhibitors.|
|Crixivan / Indinavir||Two 400 mg capsules, every 8 hours.||Kidney stones, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach discomfort, headache, insomnia, rash, back pain. Take on an empty stomach, drink atleast 8 glasses of water daily to prevent kidney stone formation.|
|Viracept / Nelfinavir||Five 250 mg tablets, twice a day.||Diarrhea, nausea, stomach discomfort, gas, rash, increased liver enzyme levels. Drug to be taken with meal.|
|Agenerase / Amprenavir||Eight 150 mg capsules, twice a day.||Rash, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, oral tingling and numbness. Drug can be taken with or without food, but avoid taking high-fat meals.|
|Kaletra / Lopinavir + Ritonavir||Three capsules, twice a day.||Diarrhea, nausea, feeling tired, headache, Pancreatitis.|
|Reyataz / Atazanavir||Two 200mg capsules, once a day.||Increased levels of bilirubin, headaches, pain in the arms and legs, nausea, diarrhea, rash. Should be taken with a light meal.|
|Lexiva / Fosamprenavir||Two 700 mg tablets, twice a day.||Rash, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting.|