Information for HIV infected persons

  • Almost all persons will remain infected for life and will develop the disease.
  • Asymptomatic patients may also transmit HIV to others.
  • Infected person should not donate blood, plasma, body organs, other tissues, and sperm.
  • Infection of spreading to others occurs by sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal), by oral genital contact or by sharing needles.
  • The use of condom by infected person can reduce transmission of the virus, though prevention is not absolute
  • Toothbrushes, razors, and other items that could become contaminated with blood should not be shared.
  • Seropositive women are at increased risk of acquiring AIDS, and if they become pregnant their offspring are at high risk of acquiring AIDS.
  • After accidents that result in bleeding, contaminated surfaces should be cleaned with household bleach freshly diluted 1:10 in water.
  • Devices that have punctured the skin, eg, hypodermic and acupuncture needles, should be steam-sterilized by autoclaving before reuse or should be safely discarded.
  • Infected person should inform to medical or dental care providers that they are seropositive, so that appropriate precautions taken to prevent transmission to others.
  • Seropositive health care professionals who perform invasive procedures or have skin lesions should take precautions to protect patients from the risk of infection.
  • Children with positive tests should be allowed to attend school, since casual person-to-person contact of school children poses no risk. But a restricted environment is advisable for children who lack control of their body secretions, has biting behavior, having oozing lesions.
  • Dental instruments should be heat sterilized between patients. Whenever possible, disposable needles and equipments should be used.

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