Epidemiology of AIDS in India
► The most rapid and well-documented spread of infection has occurred in Bombay and the State of Tamilnadu.
► In Bombay, HIV prevalence has reached 50% in sex workers, 36% in STD patients, and 2.5% in women seen in antenatal clinics.
► The infection affects both urban and rural areas.
► In Bombay, seroprevalence rose from 2-3% in patients seen in STD clinics in 1990 to 36% in 1994 and in rural areas 3-4% of some populations have an STD.
► In India, there are an estimated 1-2 million cases of tuberculosis every year. TB is the most prevalent form of POI (opportunistic infection) in over 60% of AIDS cases. In Bombay alone, 10% of the patients with TB are HIV-positive.