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AIDS/HIV - Mycobacterium Avium Complex

Written by Dr. Sangamithra, MBBS | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Aug 11, 2020
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Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) affects the intestines and inner organs first.

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Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is a serious bacterial infection that affects HIV+ people. MAC is related to tuberculosis. MAC is otherwise called as Mycobacterium avium intracellulare (MAI) or Opportunistic Infections (KSOI) or gay compromise syndrome. A multi-center trial has shown that rifabutin or Mycobutin, clarithromycin and Azithromycin can nearly cut in half the rate at which people develop MAC. The infection is usually found only in people with fewer than 50 T4 cells. The symptoms of MAC can include weight loss, fevers, chills, night sweats, swollen glands, abdominal pains, diarrhea and overall weakness. MAC usually affects the intestines and inner organs first, causing liver tests to be high. Swelling and inflammation also occur.

References:

  1. Gottlieb MS, Schroff R, Schanker HM, et al. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and mucosal candidiasis in previously healthy homosexual men: evidence of a new acquired cellular immunodeficiency. N Engl J Med. 1981; 305:1425-31.
  2. AIDSinfo - (http://www.aidsinfo.nih.gov/)
  3. AIDS Wikipedia - (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS)

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tkross

hi..my name is dumark,i recently got a black and hard spot on my shoulder and i am scared it cld be KS,its been thr for abt 5 months now,i usually peel off the hard top skin atimes and the lower part bleeds after that...it startd as a very tiny black spot...i dnt knw wht to mk of this given to me by a friend who has been receiving treatments thr,says its real...

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