About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

AIDS/HIV - Infection Glossary

Written by Dr. Sangamithra, MBBS | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Aug 11, 2020
Font : A-A+

Glossary

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome): An infection due to HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) that severely damages the immune system.

Absolute CD4 cell count: the number of CD4 cells in a cubic millimeter (mm3) of blood.

Acute: reaching a crisis quickly; severe.

Acute HIV infection: The period of rapid viral replication immediately following exposure to HIV.

AIDS-defining illness: a condition (e.g., Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, toxoplasmosis, Kaposi's sarcoma) that is included in the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's CDC definition of AIDS.

AIDS drugs: An online database service of the National Library of Medicine with information about drugs undergoing testing against HIV infection, AIDS, AIDS-related complex, and related opportunistic diseases.

AIDS drug assistance program (ADAP): a state program that provides drugs for HIV/AIDS and related opportunistic infections to individuals who otherwise could not afford them.

AIDS-related cancers: Several cancers are more common or more aggressive in persons living with HIV.

Anti-inflammatory: acting against inflammation.

Antibiotic: an agent that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms; the term typically refers to an agent that is active against bacteria.

Antiretroviral: a substance that kills or suppresses a retrovirus, such as HIV. All of the anti-HIV drugs --AZT, protease inhibitors, etc. -- are considered antiretroviral drugs.

Advertisement

Azithromycin: a macrolide antibiotic used to treat Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) disease, chlamydiasis and urinary tract infections.

Cancer: a group of diseases characterized by abnormal growth (neoplasm, tumor) and spread to other parts of the body (metastasism).

CD4: a protein embedded in the surface of some T-cells and certain other cells (e.g., macrophages, Langerhans cells, glial cells). HIV invades cells by attaching to their CD4 receptor.

CD4 count: The number of helper T-lymphocytes in a patients blood usually expressed as the number of cells per cubic millimeter. When this value drops below 200, the patient has AIDS.

Cell antiviral factor: a factor produced by CD8 cells that is hypothesized to block viral infection during the HIV latency period and in long-term nonprogressors.

CKR5 (CCR5, CC-CKR5): a protein found on certain blood cells that serves as a receptor site for chemokine. CKR5 acts as a co-receptor which HIV uses to infect cells. Individuals who lack a functional copy of the gene that makes CKR5 are believed to be non-susceptible to HIV infection.

Clindamycin: an antibiotic used as treatment and prophylaxis for toxoplasmosis and treatment of PCP in combination with other drugs.

T-helper cell: A subset of T cells. Physicians regularly measure T-helper cell counts in HIV positive people. The normal range for T-helper cells is 480-1800, but may vary.

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Sangamithra. (2020, August 11). AIDS/HIV - Infection Glossary. Medindia. Retrieved on May 18, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/aids/aidsinfections_glossary.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Sangamithra. "AIDS/HIV - Infection Glossary". Medindia. May 18, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/aids/aidsinfections_glossary.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Sangamithra. "AIDS/HIV - Infection Glossary". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/aids/aidsinfections_glossary.htm. (accessed May 18, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Sangamithra. 2021. AIDS/HIV - Infection Glossary. Medindia, viewed May 18, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/aids/aidsinfections_glossary.htm.


Do you wish to consult a General Medicine Doctor / Internal Medicine Doctor for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Marudha Kanmai
Dr. Marudha Kanmai
MBBS
2 years experience
HCG hospitals [oncology], sampangiRama nagar
Teleconsult Now View Profile
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

tkross

hi..my name is dumark,i recently got a black and hard spot on my shoulder and i am scared it cld be KS,its been thr for abt 5 months now,i usually peel off the hard top skin atimes and the lower part bleeds after that...it startd as a very tiny black spot...i dnt knw wht to mk of this given to me by a friend who has been receiving treatments thr,says its real...

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    What's New on Medindia
    Black Water: Benefits and Uses
    World Hypertension Day 2022 - Measure Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer!
    Drinking This Popular Beverage May Drop Dementia Risk
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Find a Hospital Post-Nasal Drip Noscaphene (Noscapine) Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam) Blood Pressure Calculator Accident and Trauma Care Nutam (400mg) (Piracetam) Iron Intake Calculator Blood Donation - Recipients Drug Side Effects Calculator

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
    open close
    CONSULT A DOCTOR