About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER

Origin of HIV Virus Theories

Written by Dr. Sangamithra, MBBS | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Jun 11, 2014
Font : A-A+

Origin of HIV Virus Theories

Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV) from chimpanzee most likely mutated in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) to cause AIDS.

Advertisement

It is now generally accepted that HIV is a descendant of a Simian Immunodeficiency Virus because certain strains of SIVs bear a very close resemblance to HIV. It is also known that certain viruses can pass between species. Some of the most common theories, which describes about how the viral transfer between animals and humans takes place and how SIV became HIV in humans are explained in detail.

The Hunter Theory: It is the most commonly accepted theory. It is said that the virus (SIV) was transferred to humans as a result of chimps being killed and eaten or their blood getting into cuts or wounds on the hunter. SIV on a few occasions adapted itself within its new human host and become HIV. Every time it passed from a chimpanzee to a man, it would have developed in a slightly different way within his body, and thus produced a slightly different strain.

The Oral Polio Vaccine Theory: In this it is said that the virus was transmitted via various medical experiments (iatrogenically) especially through the polio vaccines. The oral polio vaccine called Chat was given to millions of people in the Belgian Congo, Ruanda and Urundi in the late 1950s. Then it was cultivated on kidney cells taken from the chimps infected with SIV in order to reproduce the vaccine. This is the main source of contamination, which later affected large number of people with HIV. But it was rejected as it was proved that only macaque monkey kidney cells, which cannot be infected with SIV or HIV were used to make Chat. Another reason is that HIV existed in humans before the vaccine trials were carried out.

The Contaminated Needle Theory: African healthcare professionals were using one single syringe to inject multiple patients without any sterilization in between. This could have rapidly have transferred infection from one individual to another resulting in mutation from SIV to HIV.

The Colonialism Theory: The colonial rule in Africa was particularly harsh and the locals were forced into labor camps where sanitation was poor and food was scare. SIV could easily have infiltrated the labor force and taken advantage of their weakened immune systems. Laborers were being inoculated with unsterile needles against diseases such as smallpox to keep them alive and working. Also many of the camps actively employed prostitutes to keep the workers happy. All these factors may have led to the transmission and development of AIDS as a disease.

The Conspiracy Theory: According to a survey, which was carried among African Americans it was found that HIV was manufactured as part of a biological warfare programme, designed to wipe out large numbers of black and homosexual people. There is no evidence to disprove it, cannot be accepted as there were no genetic engineering techniques at that time of emergence of AIDS.

References:

Gallo RC, Salahuddin SZ, Popovic M, et al. Frequent detection and isolation of cytopathic retroviruses (HTLV-III) from patients with AIDS and at risk for AIDS. Science. 1984; 224:500-3. [502]
  1. http://www.aidsinfo.nih.gov
  2. http://www.thebody.com
  3. http://www.aegis.com


Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Sangamithra. (2014, June 11). Origin of HIV/AIDS Virus Theories. Medindia. Retrieved on May 26, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/aids/initialtheories_theories.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Sangamithra. "Origin of HIV/AIDS Virus Theories". Medindia. May 26, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/aids/initialtheories_theories.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Sangamithra. "Origin of HIV/AIDS Virus Theories". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/aids/initialtheories_theories.htm. (accessed May 26, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Sangamithra. 2021. Origin of HIV/AIDS Virus Theories. Medindia, viewed May 26, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/aids/initialtheories_theories.htm.


Do you wish to consult a General Medicine Doctor / Internal Medicine Doctor for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Prashanth Y S
Dr. Prashanth  Y S
MBBS, PGDMLE, MD
2 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

@Guest

what about The Norwergion soilor theory?

@Guest

does the polio vaccine theory is the kind of disability?

@Guest

your services are excellent we as students we are proud of them thank you

SADRA

I want to thank Dr.50-50 for helping me get cured of my hiv/aids diseases, for years Now I have been suffering from hiv/aids , but one day as I was surfing through the Internet I met a post about a lady who was cured by Dr.50-50 so I decided to give it a try to see if he could save my life. Luckily for me he sent the herbal medications to me. After using it for a while, the symptoms disappeared and I was cured.

zachary1994

whaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaoo}"thahkz 2 this group ur article is gud 4 us students gudooooooz

View More Comments
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Drugs for AIDS - Initial Theories and Disease Progression
    Abacavir Sulfate and Lamivudine
    What's New on Medindia
    Monkeypox Outbreak: What it is, How Does it Spread & the Prevention
    Seasonal Allergy Medications
    How to Choose the Best Eczema-Friendly Moisturizer for Children?
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Accident and Trauma Care Blood Donation - Recipients Sanatogen Daily Calorie Requirements Drug Interaction Checker Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator Drug Side Effects Calculator Post-Nasal Drip How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips The Essence of Yoga

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
    open close
    ASK A DOCTOR ONLINE