Genetic: Inherited; having to do with information that is passed from parents to offspring through genes in sperm and egg cells.
Heterosexual: A person who is sexually attracted to a person of the opposite sex.
Reproductive cell: Egg and sperm cells. Each mature reproductive cell carries a single set of 23 chromosomes.
Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones.
Mutation: Any change in the DNA of a cell. Mutations may be caused by mistakes during cell division, or they may be caused by exposure to DNA-damaging agents in the environment. Mutations can be harmful, beneficial, or have no effect. If they occur in cells that make eggs or sperm, they can be inherited; if mutations occur in other types of cells, they are not inherited. Certain mutations may lead to cancer or other diseases.
Vaccine: A substance or group of substances meant to cause the immune system to respond to a tumor or to microorganisms, such as bacteria or viruses.
Disease progression: Cancer that continues to grow or spread.