Written by Dr. Sangamithra, MBBS | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Sep 16, 2014

HIV/AIDS Risk associated with drug usage

Never share needles. HIV surveillance data shows 25% of the 8,59,000 AIDS cases were among injection drug users

Behavior associated with drug abuse is now the single largest factor in the spread of HIV infection in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) analysis of HIV surveillance data, of the 859,000 cumulative AIDS cases reported about 25 % were among injection drug users (IDUs). Needles used to inject drugs can transmit HIV when they are used by more than one person. Needles should never be shared, but if they are shared they should be thoroughly cleaned between uses. For injection drug users who cannot or will not stop injecting drugs, using sterile needles and syringes only once remains the safest, most effective approach for limiting HIV transmission.

Evidence suggests that drug abuse treatment can help prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS, especially when combined with prevention and community-based outreach programs for at-risk people. These efforts can reduce or eliminate drug use and drug-related HIV risk behaviors. According to a report in 1981 there was sharp criticism of the Bush Administration's drug control efforts, the National Commission on AIDS endorsed needle-exchange programs to reduce the spread of AIDS among drug users.

References:

  1. Currie, Edwina. The Observer, 15 February 1987
  2. HIV - (https://www.who.int/hiv/en/)
  3. HIV InSite Knowlege Base - (http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite.jsp?page=KB)
  4. HIV / AIDS - (https://www.niaid.nih.gov/diseases-conditions/hivaids)

Comments

bijaykumar107 Thursday, January 24, 2013

iwant to ask if there is no infectioninthe blood is there no risk of aids if two different groups of blood are tranfued if there is there and not the aids then waht is it \. can u please tell me

www.plwha.org Thursday, April 21, 2011

HIV travel restrictions and retreats: www.plwha.org

hivprevention Wednesday, February 23, 2011

I find it frusterating that hiv screening can only detect the antibodies as opposed to the actual virus. Our governments need to allocate further investment into research so we can work towards more effective hiv prevention

trayfie Sunday, December 25, 2011

You can get a HIV DNA test. This test checks for the presence of the virus itself not the antibodies. This test can be taken 28 days after suspected exposure and the test results are highly accurate. Look it up for more information.

rkwat Wednesday, November 5, 2008

AIDS is the silent tsunnami of asia.

guest Friday, June 27, 2008

Very useful information but difficult to cite, especially in APA style. Would be helpful to include author's name and publication date.

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