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AIDS/HIV - Distribution Glossary

Written by Dr. Sangamithra, MBBS | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Sep 16, 2014
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AIDS/HIV - Glossary

Transfusion: Delivery of blood or a blood component into the bloodstream.

Interaction: Interactions may increase the response, decrease the response, cause toxicity or completely change the response expected from either substance.

Injection: Using a syringe and needle to push fluids or drugs into the body; often called a "shot". The needle is positioned into the tissue under the skin (subcutaneous), into a vein (intravenous), or into a muscle (intramuscular).

Incubation: The time between infection by a pathogen and the appearance of disease symptoms.

Pregnancy: Growth of an embryo/fetus in the uterus.

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Placenta: The organ that nourishes the developing fetus in the uterus.

Condom: A sheath that fits over an erect penis to catch semen during ejaculation.

Bacteria: A large group of single-cell microorganisms. Some cause infections and disease in animals and humans. The singular of bacteria is bacterium.

Clinical: Having to do with the examination and treatment of patients.

Antibodies: Protein produced by white blood cells which neutralize or destroy foreign proteins in the body (antigens). When infected with virus or bacteria, the body produces antibodies which destroy the invading microorganisms.

Intravenous: Into a vein.

Heterosexual: A person who is sexually attracted to a person of the opposite sex.

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Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

bijaykumar107

iwant to ask if there is no infectioninthe blood is there no risk of aids if two different groups of blood are tranfued if there is there and not the aids then waht is it \. can u please tell me

www.plwha.org

HIV travel restrictions and retreats: www.plwha.org

hivprevention

I find it frusterating that hiv screening can only detect the antibodies as opposed to the actual virus. Our governments need to allocate further investment into research so we can work towards more effective hiv prevention

trayfie

You can get a HIV DNA test. This test checks for the presence of the virus itself not the antibodies. This test can be taken 28 days after suspected exposure and the test results are highly accurate. Look it up for more information.

rkwat

AIDS is the silent tsunnami of asia.

guest

Very useful information but difficult to cite, especially in APA style. Would be helpful to include author's name and publication date.

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