Skin Cancer - Glossary

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Written by Dr. Sangamithra, MBBS | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Dec 07, 2018
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Glossary

Actinic keratosis: A precancerous skin growth that occurs on sun-damaged skin.

Basal cell carcinoma: The most common form of skin cancer that involves cells in the outer layer of skin.

Biopsy: removal and examination of cells or tissue under a microscope to check for cancer.

Chemotherapy: treatment with anti-cancer drugs.

Dermatologist: a medical doctor who specializes in treatment of skin cancer and other skin diseases.

Dermis: the layer of skin, located under the epidermis.

Epidermis: the outermost layer of skin, which is in contact with the environment, located above the dermis.

Localized: cancer that is limited to one small area of the body and has not spread.

Lymph nodes: clusters of tissue found in the underarms, groin, neck, and other parts of the body that help fight disease. When cancer spreads, they often trap cancer cells.

Malignant: a cancerous growth that may destroy nearby normal tissue and spread to other parts of the body

Melanocytes: skin cells that produce a pigment called melanin and can change into malignant melanoma.

Metastasize: the spread of cancer cells from the original tumor to distant parts of the body.

Mole: a small usually dark skin growth that develops from pigment-producing cells called melanocytes.

Precancerous: a growth that may eventually turn malignant and become cancerous.

Radiation therapy: treatment that uses x-rays and other sources of radiation to kill cancer cells.

Squamous cell carcinoma: cancer that occurs in squamous cells, which are specialized cells near the skin surface that produce protective keratin.

Sunscreen lotion: a lotion, cream or oil that protects the skin from harmful ultraviolet radiation, premature aging, and skin cancer.

Tumor: any abnormal growth of tissue that can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Ultraviolet radiation: invisible rays in sunlight that cause suntan, sunburn, premature skin aging, and most cases of skin cancer.

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I have a scar on my right cheek from a large mole removed when I was three years old. It was itchy and the bumpy red part bled when scratched. Turns out it was Basal Cell Carcinoma.

-gail-

Sun Tanning at a Tanning Salon is the safest way to naturally get your Vit. D and can actually prevent skin cancer by protecting you from sun damage by over exposure in the sun.
~Gail~
Image Sun Consultant

James Sagiao

hi, i'm James Sagiao from Samoa, i'm posting a comment about skin cancer because my dad has skin cancer for like 2 to 3 years now. We've learned from skin cancer ever since my dad was infected. We are now aware of skin cancer and of the sun. Thanks James Sagiao from Samoa.....

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