What is Radiosurgery?
What are the Devices used for Radiosurgery?Three types of radiosurgery are used to treat cancers of the CNS and other parts of the body:
Linear Accelerator (LINAC): LINAC is the device, primarily used for external beam radiation treatments for cancer. It is used to treat all body parts and delivers high-energy X-rays or electrons to the tumor. There are two common brands of LINAC machines:
- CyberKnife®: It is a Radiation therapy device manufactured by Accuray Inc., Sunnyvale, California, USA. It is a non-invasive procedure that enables oncologists to deliver targeted, high doses of radiation to a broad range of tumors throughout the body.
- TrueBeam®: It is a Radiotherapy device manufactured by Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, California, USA. It is an advanced medical LINAC device that is fully-integrated for image-guided radiotherapy and radiosurgery for treating cancer anywhere in the body. These machines can perform SRS in a single or multiple sessions. The latter is termed fractionated SRS.
Proton Therapy: Also known as “Proton beam therapy”, it is a type of radiation therapy that uses protons instead of X-rays to treat cancer. A proton is a positively charged particle. High energy protons can destroy cancer cells. Protons have the potential to destroy only the tumor region while sparing the normal tissues. This property of Proton is very useful in treatment of SRS and is available only in a few research centers in USA. However, Proton therapy will be coming for Clinical use in India in Early 2019. Proton therapy can be used alone, or in combination with X-ray radiotherapy, surgery, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.