Polymyositis - Glossary

Dr. Simi Paknikar
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Simi Paknikar, MD
Last Updated on Dec 08, 2016
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Glossary

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE): SLE is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system of the body attacks its own cells instead for fighting against foreign bacteria and other harmful substances.

Para neoplastic Syndrome: They are a group of disorders that develop due to an altered immune response to a neoplasm/cancer.

ESR: Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) is the rate at which red blood cells form sediment when placed in a test tube. The value increases during inflammation and many other conditions.

Sjogren’s syndrome: Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease in which the salivary and tear glands are affected.

Scleroderma: Scleroderma refers to an autoimmune disease in which the skin and connective tissues become hardened.

Creatine kinase: Creatine kinase is an enzyme found in the brain, skeletal muscles and heart.

Psoriasiform plaque: Psoriasiform plaque refers to silvery oval scaly plaques on the skin characteristic of psoriasis.

Anti-Jo-1 antibody: Anti-Jo-1 antibody is a protein associated with interstitial lung disease and myositis. It is an autoantibody i.e. attacks our own body.

Myoglobin: Myoglobin is an essential protein found in muscles.

Raynaud’s phenomenon: Condition that results in decrease in blood flow to fingers, toes, cheeks, nose and ears in response to cold stimulus or emotional stress.

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