What is Opposition Defiant Disorder?
- It is considered a normal phase for children in their terrible twos and threes and teens to defy, be hostile or argue with parents, grownups or teachers.
- But this type of behavior becomes a serious concern if it is very frequent and is impacting the studies or relationships of children with fellow students or parents.
There is also a sixty percent chance of these children developing other serious behavioral disorders such as Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) and Conduct disorders later on in life.
- Individual as well as family therapy is vital in the treatment of children with ODD.
What are the Types of Opposition Defiant Disorder?There are of three types of ODD:
- Stimulus Dependent: This type is usually associated with ADHD
- Cognitive Overload: This group of children has serious difficulties with learning. They suffer from anxiety disorder and are socially awkward
- Fearful: This type is highly reactive to stress and has maximum attacks of rage, irritability and most children are known to have suffered from traumatic experiences in the past
What are the Causes of Opposition Defiant Disorder?The exact causes of Oppositional defiant disorder are not completely understood. However the following factors are commonly found in children with ODD.
- Genetic: It is found that many children who suffer from ODD have other close family members who suffer from similar learning and conduct disorders
- Dysfunctional family life: A history of abuse and neglect by parents, harsh and inconstant style of parenting may also contribute to developing ODD
- Brain injuries
- Abnormal functioning of neurotransmitters: The nerve cells communicate with each other via chemical agents released by nerve cells. When these do not function in an orderly manner it may lead to mental illnesses such as ODD