Benign: Not cancerous; does not invade nearby tissue or spread to other parts of the body.
Chemotherapy: Treatment with anticancer drugs.
CT (Computed tomography) scan: An imaging technique that produces cross-sectional images of tissue structures through the body.
DNA: The abbreviation for "deoxyribonucleic acid," the primary carrier of genetic information found in the chromosomes of almost all organisms.
Lymph node: Round, oval or bean-shaped aggregation of infection- and cancer-fighting immune cells located along the lymph channels throughout the body.
Malignant: A cancerous growth that may destroy nearby normal tissue and spread to other parts of the body.
Mediastinoscopy: A procedure in which the doctor inserts a tube into the chest to view the organs in the mediastinum. The tube is inserted through an incision above the breastbone.
MRI scan (Magnetic resonance imaging): A sophisticated test that provides in-depth images of organs and structures in the body.
PET (Positron emission tomography scan).
scan: A computerized image of the metabolic activity of the body tissues used to determine the presence of disease.
Pneumectomy: An operation to remove an entire lung
Pleurectomy: A surgical procedure that is done to remove part of the pleura, the linings that surround the lungs.
Resectable: One whichcan be surgically removed
SV40: Simian virus 40 which is a virus that causes cancers in monkeys and is used widely in genetic and medical research.
Thoracoscopy: The use of a thin, lighted tube (called an endoscope) to examine the inside of the chest.
Tumoricidal: Destroying tumor cells.