Last Updated on Jan 30, 2018

Glossary

Enzyme: A protein found in cells that catalyzes chemical reactions that take place in the body

Hemolysis: breakdown of red cells

Favism: An acute condition suffered after ingestion of certain species of beans, for example, Viciafaba, or inhalation of the pollen of its flower; characterized by fever, headache, abdominal pain, severe anemia, prostration, and coma; it occurs in some people with G6PD deficiency

Splenectomy: Surgical removal of spleen

Phototherapy: The exposure of an infant''s bare skin to intense fluorescent light. The blue range of light accelerates the excretion of bilirubin in the skin, decomposing it by photo-oxidation. It is used to treat neonatal jaundice

Exchange transfusion: Introduction of whole blood in exchange for 75% to 85% of an infant''s circulating blood that is repeatedly withdrawn in small amounts and replaced with equal amounts of donor blood. It is used to severe jaundice in the newborn

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