eardrum perforation is the medical name for a ruptured eardrum. The eardrum is
the thin tissue that separates the outer ear from the middle ear and it acts as
a barrier to infection. The membrane acts like a soundboard, producing
vibrations from the sound waves that hit it to transmit the signal into the
inner region of the ear. A hole or an opening in the eardrum could lead to
hearing loss along with susceptibility to infections.
are different types of tympanic membrane perforations based on the following
perforations – Absence of fluid (pus or blood) drainage
perforations – Presence of drainage
– Perforation lasts for more than 3 months
– Perforation that lasts < 3 months
The type of perforation influences the
healing rate. Eardrum perforations may heal in a few weeks if they are wet or
acute. In certain cases, surgery may be required if the perforation does not
heal within 6 months, i.e. in chronic cases.