Eardrum Perforation

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What is Eardrum Perforation?

Tympanic eardrum perforation is the medical name for a ruptured eardrum. The eardrum is the thin tissue that separates the outer ear from the middle ear and it acts as a barrier to infection. The membrane acts like a soundboard, producing vibrations from the sound waves that hit it to transmit the signal into the inner region of the ear. A hole or an opening in the eardrum could lead to hearing loss along with susceptibility to infections.

There are different types of tympanic membrane perforations based on the following factors:

1.Drainage
  • Dry perforations Absence of fluid (pus or blood) drainage
  • Wet perforations Presence of drainage
2.Duration of perforation
  • Chronic Perforation lasts for more than 3 months
  • Acute Perforation that lasts < 3 months
The type of perforation influences the healing rate. Eardrum perforations may heal in a few weeks if they are wet or acute. In certain cases, surgery may be required if the perforation does not heal within 6 months, i.e. in chronic cases.

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