Drug-induced Pulmonary Diseases - Glossary

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Glossary

Pulmonary: Pertaining to the lungs

Pulmonary edema: Excess fluid in the lungs

ACE inhibitors: Drugs used to lower the blood pressure and reduce the strain on the heart

Cytotoxic: Drugs Harmful to Cells

Emphysema: Pulmonary emphysema is a disorder affecting the alveoli (tiny air sacs) of the lungs. The transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs takes place in the walls of the alveoli. In emphysema, the alveoli become abnormally inflated, damaging their walls and making it harder to breathe. People who smoke or have chronic bronchitis have an increased risk of emphysema

Asthma: In simple terms asthma refers to increased responsiveness of lower airways to multiple stimuli. It can be acute when it lasts for a short period or chronic- when it lasts for days

Edema: The accumulation of fluid in part of the body

Pneumonia: An inflammatory infection that occurs in the lung

Pleural effusion: An abnormal collection of fluid between the thin layers of tissue (pleura) lining the lung and the wall of the chest cavity

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