About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Bursitis Shoulder

Last Updated on Mar 27, 2019
Font : A-A+

How do you Diagnose Bursitis Shoulder?

Diagnosis involves taking a clinical history, physical examination and analyzing the results of medical imaging.

When you visit the doctor to complain about shoulder pain, your shoulder will be carefully examined and your medical history will be taken. The doctor will get a sense of the cause of the pain based on the events that occur in your life, for example, a fall or any kind of accident or other injury.

Advertisement

Physical examination: It is important to examine the neck and shoulder to test the strength of the neck and the related muscles. Shoulder rotation is also examined with different tests (e.g. lift-off test). For an accurate diagnosis, a combination of tests is recommended. In general, a combination of Neer’s test and Hawkins-Kennedy test provides a reasonably accurate diagnosis of shoulder impingement. A painful shoulder arc test is another diagnostic test. To exclude other conditions that exhibit similar symptoms as shoulder impingement, the apprehension test and O’Brien’s test are used. (For test procedure kindly refer glossary).

Imaging tests: The results of imaging tests should be used in conjunction with the clinical history and the results from the physical examination tests.

Ultrasonography: An ultrasound scan (USS) shows a high degree of diagnostic accuracy in detecting shoulder impingement.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This imaging test is equally accurate as USS in diagnosing shoulder impingement. The sensitivity and specificity of the technique is nearly 90%. Magnetic resonance arthrogram (MRA) is an invasive test that is diagnostically accurate. However, it can be avoided due to its invasiveness.

How do you Treat Bursitis Shoulder?

Bursitis shoulder is treated with appropriate exercises (physiotherapy), corticosteroid injections, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Surgery is recommended when all the other treatment options fail.

Physiotherapy: Physical therapy has shown to be beneficial in reducing the pain associated with shoulder pain. However, physiotherapy does not improve the strength of shoulder muscles.

Corticosteroid injections: Combined treatment of corticosteroid injections along with physiotherapy has shown to greatly improve shoulder pain. In most cases, surgery is not required after 2 years since the pain is resolved, though, in some of these cases, there is some residual pain.

Orthobiologics: Biological substances that help to repair injured muscle and skeletal tissue, e.g. hyaluronic acid (HA), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and growth factors, have shown some benefits in shoulder pain.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): Oral NSAIDs such as naproxen, celecoxib are prescribed initially to temporarily relieve the intense pain but they are not a cure for the pain.

Surgery: As mentioned above, surgery is the last treatment option after all other treatments fail to improve the pain in the shoulder. Acromioplasty, arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASAD), and bursectomy are some of the surgical techniques used to repair rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder. While most people show a favourable resolution of their pain, there are some who continue to have residual pain despite the surgery.

The general recovery rate for acute cases ranges from half a year to a year. Chronic cases take almost one and a half years to recover. However, there is a small percentage of cases that still suffer from residual pain.

Advertisement

How to Prevent Bursitis Shoulder?

Based on the causes, some caution can be exercised in certain cases, for example:

  • Avoid actions where you have to stretch out your hand overhead.
  • Reducing Strain On The Shoulder Joint Can Help Prevent Bursitis Shoulder

  • Maintain a good posture when performing different activities
  • A good warm up helps before beginning any sports activity and always take regular breaks.
  • Begin practising new sports at a slow pace before increasing the strain on the body. You should immediately stop when you experience any pain.
  • Use knee and/or elbow pads to avoid irritation to the affected area.

References:

  1. Cedars-Sinai. Bursitis of the Shoulder. Accessed Feb 25, 2019. Cited Feb 25, 2019. - (https://www.cedars-sinai.org/health-library/diseases-and-conditions/b/bursitis-of-the-shoulder.html)
  2. Johns Hopkins Medicine. Shoulder Bursitis. Accessed Feb 25, 2019. Cited Feb 25, 2019. - (https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/orthopaedic_disorders/shoulder_bursitis_22,ShoulderBursitis)
  3. Bursitis - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK513340/)
  4. Singh B, Bakti N, Gulihar A. Current Concepts in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Shoulder Impingement. Indian J Orthop. 2017;51(5):516-523.
  5. Sizer PS, et al. Diagnosis and Management of the Painful Shoulder. Part 2: Examination, Interpretation, and Management. Pain Practice. 2003;3(2):152-185.
  6. Tangrood ZJ et al. Clinical course of pain and disability in patients with subacromial shoulder pain: a systematic review protocol. BMJ Open 2018;8:e019393. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019393.
  7. Diercks R, Bron C, Dorrestijn O, et al. Guideline for diagnosis and treatment of subacromial pain syndrome: a multidisciplinary review by the Dutch Orthopaedic Association. Acta Orthop. 2014;85(3):314-22.
  8. Koester MC, George MS, Kuhn JE. Shoulder impingement syndrome. Am J Med. 2005;118(5):452-455.
  9. Petri M et al. Colecoxib effectively treats patients with acute shoulder tendinits/bursitis. J Rheum. 2004;31(8):1614-1620.

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Smitha S. Dutt. (2019, March 27). Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Bursitis Shoulder. Medindia. Retrieved on May 23, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patientinfo/diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention-of-bursitis-shoulder.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Smitha S. Dutt. "Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Bursitis Shoulder". Medindia. May 23, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patientinfo/diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention-of-bursitis-shoulder.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Smitha S. Dutt. "Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Bursitis Shoulder". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patientinfo/diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention-of-bursitis-shoulder.htm. (accessed May 23, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Smitha S. Dutt. 2021. Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Bursitis Shoulder. Medindia, viewed May 23, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patientinfo/diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention-of-bursitis-shoulder.htm.


Do you wish to consult an Orthopedic Doctor for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Siddharth Jaiswal
Dr. Siddharth  Jaiswal
MBBS, D ortho
6 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Nitinkumar Singh
Dr. Nitinkumar Singh
MBBS, D.Ortho
8 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Santosh Kadam
Dr. Santosh Kadam
MBBS, DORTHO
7 years experience
Ashirwad Hospital, Vidhya Nagar
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Rakesh Kumar Sharma
Dr. Rakesh Kumar Sharma
MBBS, MS, PGDHA
38 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Drugs for Bursitis Shoulder
    Ibuprofen
    Naproxen
    What's New on Medindia
    Can Weight Loss be Achieved by Drinking Water?
    Can Exercise Counts Boost Your Life Counts? 
    Prevent Hacking of Medical Devices: FDA Sounds Alarm
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Color Blindness Calculator Drug - Food Interactions The Essence of Yoga Find a Doctor A-Z Drug Brands in India Blood Donation - Recipients Sinopril (2mg) (Lacidipine) Calculate Ideal Weight for Infants Indian Medical Journals Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam)

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
    open close
    CONSULT A DOCTOR