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Dengue Vaccine - Glossary

Last Updated on Jul 28, 2021
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Glossary

Aedes aegypti: A mosquito that spreads viral diseases, including dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika infections.

Clinical Trial: A research study that is carried out to evaluate the safety and efficacy of new medicines in humans before registration and manufacturing. A clinical trial prospectively assigns human participants or groups of humans to one or more health-related interventions (usually drugs or vaccines) to evaluate the effects on health outcomes and is generally divided into three separate phases.

Immune System: A defense system of the body consisting of the organs, tissues and cells that provides protection against infectious agents and toxins. Organs include the thymus, bone marrow, and lymph nodes.

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Recombinant DNA Technology: Also known as genetic engineering, it consists of several molecular techniques that are used to join (recombine) DNA fragments, thereby generating chimeric DNA molecules.

Serotype: A serologically (serum-specific) distinguishable strain of a microorganism.

Vaccine: A medicinal preparation containing harmless forms of microorganisms that cause a particular disease or several diseases. It is usually administered by injection to provide protection (immunity) against the disease(s).

Virus: A group of very minute microorganisms that can only be observed through an electron microscope. These can infect living organisms, including bacteria, plants, animals, and humans thereby causing disease.

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