Congenital Heart Defects - Glossary

Dr. Simi Paknikar
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Simi Paknikar, MD
Last Updated on Nov 30, 2019
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Glossary

Aortic stenosis: Narrowing of the aortic valve.

Atrial Septal Defect: Hole in the wall separating the two upper chambers of the heart.

Coarctation of aorta: Congenital narrowing of a segment of the aorta that impedes blood flow to the lower part of the body.

Congenital: Congenital is a term, which denotes Acquired by birth.

Cyanosis: Blue colored skin caused by too little oxygen in the blood.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus: A heart defect in which a fetal structure remains open, causing excess blood flow through the lungs.

Pulmonary Stenosis: Obstruction of the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs.

Ventricular Septal Defect: Hole in the wall separating the bottom chambers of the heart or ventricles.

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