Last Updated on Nov 15, 2018

Glossary

Aldosterone: It is the main mineralocorticoid steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex and responsible for salt retention in the body.

Ambiguous genitalia: A rare condition in which an infant’s external genitals are not clearly male or female in appearance.

Autosomal recessive disorder: In this disorder, two copies of an abnormal gene must be present in order for the condition to occur.

Bifid scrotum: A deep midline cleft in the scrotum, due to incomplete fusion of the labioscrotal folds.

Cortisol: Also known as hydrocortisone, it is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex and used to treat inflammation.

Female pseudohermaphroditism: An individual with ovaries but with secondary sexual characteristics or external genitalia resembling those of a male.

Glucocorticoids: Any of a group of corticosteroids (e.g. hydrocortisone) which are involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats and have anti-inflammatory activity.

Mineralocorticoids: A corticosteroid which is involved with maintaining the salt balance in the body, such as aldosterone.

Puberty: The period during which adolescents reach sexual maturity and become capable of reproduction.

17α-hydroxyprogesterone: An endogenous progestogen steroid hormone related to progesterone.

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