A survey by Delhi-based mobile health and fitness company HealthifyMe has revealed that women across India consume 13 percent lesser protein than men.
The report, titled 'HealthifyMeter Gender Watch 2017' and released on Thursday, is based on 60 million food records of over 1.5 million HealthifyMe app users -- half of which are women -- across approximately 200,000 locations in the country.
According to dietary recommendations, the energy contribution of protein, fats and carbohydrates for an Indian adult should be in the ratio of 20:30:50.
"Protein deficiency may cause symptoms like a slow metabolism, trouble losing weight, fatigue, poor concentration, and mood swings among others. It is also a lifestyle risk that reduces immunity," Tushar Vashisht, Co-founder & CEO of HealthifyMe, said in a statement.
"Because women are more prone to osteoporosis -- a condition in which bones become weak and brittle -- than men, lower protein intake can make them even more prone to fractures," explained Ambrish Mithal, Chairman and Head (Endocrinology and Diabetes Division) at Medanta Hospitals in Gurugram.
In addition, the report revealed that women consumed a higher amount of carbohydrates as compared to men (56.6 percent vs. 55.3 percent energy contribution of carbohydrate) as well as a higher amount of fat as compared to men (29.2 percent vs. 28.8 percent).
Also, when it comes to physical activity, women take 20 percent less steps in a day than men, the report stated.
The disparity in protein consumption was found highest in the north-eastern states of Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh followed by Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Punjab and Delhi.