Medindia
Advertisement

Vulnerability to Ebola and Lassa Fever can Now be Properly Assessed, Says Research

by Colleen Fleiss on June 5, 2019 at 7:11 PM

Vulnerability to Ebola and Lassa Fever can Now be Properly Assessed, Says Research
Identifying vulnerabilities to Ebola and Lassa fever outbreaks is now possible, revealed research from the University of Surrey and University of Cambridge. This will aid government agencies and health organisations in evaluating a country's vulnerability to outbreaks, and inform decisions on strategic investments and plans.

Vulnerability - an assessment of a country's ability or inability to resist a hazard or to respond when a disaster has occurred - is a well-established model in the field of climate change and natural disasters; however, in disease management it is a relatively undefined concept. To assess this kind of vulnerability researchers developed a new methodology that - instead of focussing on the confirmed number of patients infected with the disease (impact) - monitors the number of survivors ('adaptive capacity'). A simple mathematical formula of impact versus adaptive capacity has been used to calculate a degree of vulnerability, which will help international bodies allocate resources.
Advertisement


To test their model researchers examined data from Lassa fever epidemics in Nigeria (2017 - 2018) and Sierra Leone (2008 - 2012) and Ebola in Sierra Leone (2013 - 2016). Using the methodology, researchers found that the most vulnerable states are not necessarily those with the highest number of confirmed cases; for instance, the state of Plateau in Nigeria was found to be the most vulnerable to Lassa fever despite the relatively low burden of the disease in the region.

Researchers also found that vulnerability can change during an outbreak. The vulnerability to Lassa fever in Nigeria decreased during of epidemics compared to the vulnerability for Sierra Leone that increased after 2010, indicating a rising number of deaths. The data available suggests a difficulty in coping with the disease in the region.
Advertisement

The next step is to investigate how vulnerability depends on relevant environmental and socio-economic indicators, for example health expenditure, which might suggest practical approaches for the reduction of vulnerability.

Dr Gianni Lo Iacono, Lecturer in Biostatistics and Epidemiology at the School of Veterinary Science at the University of Surrey, said: "The increasing danger of zoonotic diseases, such as Ebola and Lassa fever, has led to an urgent need to develop techniques to help public health practitioners evaluate how vulnerable populations are to epidemics.

Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
'Hybrid Immunity' may Help Elude COVID-19 Pandemic
Stroop Effect
Plant-Based Diet may Reduce the Risk of COVID-19
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Febrile Fits / Febrile Convulsions Q Fever Congo Fever Fever Ebola Virus Disease Sick Building Syndrome Lassa Fever / Lassa Hemorrhagic Fever 

Recommended Reading
Ebola Virus Disease
Ebola is caused by a virus via direct contact with body fluids or infected blood. Scientists have .....
Quiz on Ebola
Why is the deadly Ebola virus outbreak making the health experts hit the panic button? Find out ......
Lassa Fever / Lassa Hemorrhagic Fever
Lassa fever caused by the lassa virus is a severe and fatal hemorrhagic fever....
New Vaccine Shows Promise Against Lassa Fever and Rabies
New vaccine developed against Lassa fever and rabies showed promise in preclinical testing....
Congo Fever
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral disease that affects people who are bitten by infe...
Febrile Fits / Febrile Convulsions
High fever in kids can cause convulsions and are called febrile fits that do not include the seizure...
Fever
Fever or Pyrexia is an elevation in normal body temperature. Causes of fever include infections, inj...
Q Fever
Q Fever takes its origin from word “query” and is caused by bacteria Coxiella burnetii that infects ...
Sick Building Syndrome
Sick Building Syndrome is a condition that presents with a set of symptoms (like fatigue, nausea, he...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use