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Vitamin E may Bring Down Pneumonia Risk in Elderly Men

by Julia Samuel on October 7, 2016 at 11:05 PM
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Vitamin E may Bring Down Pneumonia Risk in Elderly Men

Vitamin E supplementation may reduce the risk of pneumonia in non-smoking elderly men, new research has found.

Administration of 50 mg per day of vitamin E decreased the risk of pneumonia in elderly male smokers by 72 percent after they quit smoking, the findings, published in the journal Clinical Interventions in Aging, showed.

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For the study, Harri Hemila from University of Helsinki, Finland, explored whether vitamin E supplementation might influence the risk of community-acquired pneumonia.

He analysed the data of the randomised trial (Alpha-Tocopherol Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention [ATBC] Study) which was conducted in Finland and included male smokers aged from 50 to 69 years.
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The age when the participant had started to smoke significantly modified the effect of vitamin E on pneumonia.

Vitamin E decreased the risk of pneumonia by 35 percent in 7,469 participants who had started smoking at a later age, at 21 years or older, whereas the vitamin had no apparent effect on pneumonia for those who had started to smoke at a younger age.

Among the 7,469 participants who started to smoke at a later age, vitamin E supplementation reduced the incidence of pneumonia by 69 percent in a subgroup of 2,216 light smokers who exercised in their leisure time.

In this subgroup, vitamin E prevented pneumonia in 12.9 percent of the participants by the time they reached the age of 74 years, which corresponds to one in eight getting a benefit from the vitamin.

The vitamin did not have a significant effect on participants who smoked heavily or had not been exercising.

The incidence of pneumonia was 72 percent lower in the vitamin E participants who had quit smoking, and this benefit from vitamin E was also seen among those who smoked heavily or did not exercise.



Source: IANS
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