But the UK Doctors fear the worst and warned the society of the ill effects if the trend continues. According to Dr Andrew Shennan and Dr Susan Bewley of St Thomas' Hospital in London say that premature births though account for fewer than one in 10 births, they are the major cause of about 75% of neonatal deaths and most neonatal intensive care admissions.
The researchers say that extremes of maternal weight, smoking, ethnic origin and social class could eventually result in an increase of preterm babies. But they also say that the government should take steps to prevent general public smoking, teenage and middle age pregnancy, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and social inequalities.
They believe that obstetricians should re-evaluate the risks and benefits of delivering babies earlier. Hence to tackle the issue all the specialists including neo-natologists, health economists, teachers, parents and children should unite and co operate.