DOTS Plus, or directly observed treatment, short-course, a public health initiative , developed by the World Health Organization and its partners, is likely to be set afloat in Maharashtra and Gujarat. 100 MDR-TB cases are envisaged in the first phase of the initiative.
Union Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss said "The prevalence of MDR-TB among the new TB cases ranges between 1 and 3 per cent. Among the old cases, the prevalence is 12 per cent. The ministry is creating diagnostic facilities in each state to detect MDR cases."
The Centre has a plan of setting up a network of DOTS Plus sites that will be equipped to provide assistance to 5,000 new MDR-TB cases in a year. According to Mr. Ramadoss, the detection rate for TB is over 70%. Now, with all the initiatives planned the government is optimistic about the figures dropping by more than half by 2015, which will be in line with the UN's Millennium Development Goals.