Professor Bharat Ramratnam, led the research and modified the bacteria to create cyanovirin -- a protein that protects the body from infection by micro organisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
"One of the major hurdles in this area has been to be able to show that you can actually take these bacteria, engineer them to express the drug, or the inhibitor of the HIV, and then have it still be active."
As stated by Mr. Turpin, "It may be five, ten years, or it may never happen, but, basic science-wise, we now have the confidence that we can produce these proteins in these bacterias, and that it has the potential to be a good strategy to prevent transmission."
The discovery is important as scientists hope bio-engineered yogurt would eventually provide a cheaper, more effective way of delivering AIDS drugs.
This research is therefore very important and critical in our fight with AIDS.
The animal trials would begin this summer and in humans after that as Dr. Ramratnam said.