It is a well known that HIV patients are at an increased risk of developing several different types of cancer. Now, a new study shows aggressive antiretroviral therapy may help lower that risk. It was found that the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy was associated with a lower incidence of Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
The study was conducted on more than 7,300 patients infected with HIV and the data compared. Patients in the study had an increased risk of developing several different kinds of cancer, including anal cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Kaposi sarcoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, cervical cancer, liver cancer, cancer of the lip, mouth and pharynx, and non-melanoma skin cancer. It was also suggested that cutting down on smoking could also reduce the risk of other types of cancer associated with HIV infection.