Lower the wages, the faster one ages, UK study shows

by Gopalan on  April 27, 2007 at 11:52 AM Research News
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Lower the wages, the faster one ages, UK study shows
Health may be wealth, but wealth contributes not a little to maintaining one's health after all. A new UK study has confirmed such a common sense perception.

Some could philosophically muse about flesh being heir to a thousand natural shocks, in general, implying age catches up with us all.

But the UK researchers point to a striking discrimination in the scheme of things - a lifetime on a low wage physically ages a person eight years earlier than high earners.

The health gap between the lowest and highest paid occupational groups widens in retirement, they note.

In a research focussed on civil servants, a team from the University College of London followed more than 10,000 of them civil servants aged 35 to 55, over a period of 20 years.

Physical health declined with age in all groups but most rapidly among those in the lowest occupational grades, the British Medical Journal reported.

The employees, working in 20 different departments and from all occupational grades, were surveyed five times between 1985 and 2004.

At retirement, despite leaving the civil service, the health gap not only continued but widened.

Retirement does not level the playing field. These health inequalities actually increase.

For example, the average physical health of a 70-year-old high earner was similar to the physical health of a low earner around eight years younger.

In mid-life, this gap was only 4.5 years.

Among high earners, retirement appeared to improve their mental health and wellbeing. But no similar improvement was seen in the lower occupational groups.

The researchers concede that though studied mainly white collar office workers, the findings would be the same across other occupations.

Currently, people reaching state pension age in the UK have, on average, a life expectancy of a further 20 years for women and around 10 years for men.

In many countries across the world huge progress has been made in extending life expectancy, but the question is how healthy are people as they age.

Lead researcher Tarani Chandola, from University College London, said: 'There has always been an assumption that the health gap gets narrower with age as people retire. 'But retirement does not level the playing field. These health inequalities actually increase. This is not a time to get complacent.'

He suggested a number of factors could explain the differences they found - including lifestyle habits and income.

For example, a higher income might enable a pensioner to lead a more active social life and eat a healthier diet.

Kate Jopling of Help the Aged said: 'This shows very clearly that health inequalities are not something that happen only early life or childhood.

'We need to improve older people's lives and make sure they have a good income in retirement, but also ensure they have good access to improve their health - a good diet and social activities.'

Source: Medindia

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