This came down as the court ruling in San Francisco when the case of a divorced husband and wife came to the court. The wife accused the ex-husband of transmitting AIDS to her. Now both the partners suffer from AIDS. Hence the court decided that the spouse or partner of a person who has been infected with AIDS can be sued for failing to disclose that he/she was suffering from AIDS.
The partner can do so if either of them has good reason and proof to believe that he or she had the disease prior to the marriage. This decision was taken to prevent the spread of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases to the innocent people. The couple John B and Bridget B each accuses the other of infecting each other with AIDS. It is a civil lawsuit in which Bridget accuses John and tells that he had failed to disclose before their marriage in 2000 that he had numerous sexual relationships with men and therefore knew or should have known he had HIV.
According to the state law it is a punishable crime to knowingly infect another person with AIDS. The person or the culprit can be sentenced to up to eight years of imprisonment. Now this is being extended from partners who know they have AIDS to those who reasonably should have known they were infected. This ruling on liability was made by a four-member majority of the court.
But Justice Kathryn Werdegar and Carlos Moreno disagreed with the ruling and said that it would result in vengeance lawsuits being filed against the former sexual partners to harass them. In the case of Bridget B.'s lawsuit nothing was proved and hence the court sent the case back to Los Angeles Superior Court for evidence gathering.