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Banana in grave danger of extinction!

by Medindia Content Team on May 14, 2006 at 7:26 PM
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Banana in grave danger of extinction!

Banana which is touted as a great fruits which is full of nutrition may become extinct. The reason is India! Nothing to blame it about but the fact is that it has been found that almost all bananas traded internationally are of a single variety - the Cavendish - the genetic roots of which lie in India.

The problem lies in the fact that the Cavendish crop has been threatened by pandemics of diseases such as that caused by the black sigatoka fungus, the New Scientist reported in its latest issue.

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The main hope for survival of the variety lies in developing new hybrids resistant to the fungus, but this is a difficult and time-consuming task because the seedless modern fruit does not reproduce sexually and has to be bred from cuttings, the report said.

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has warned that wild banana species are rapidly going extinct as Indian forests are destroyed, while many traditional farmers' varieties are also disappearing.
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And now it could take a global effort to save the bananas' gene pool.

In fact, many of the genes that could save the Cavendish may already have been lost, said NeBambi Lutaladio, a plant scientist at the FAO's headquarters in Rome.

One variety that contains genes that resist black sigatoka survives as a single plant in the botanical gardens of Kolkata, he said.

Source: Indo-Asian News Service
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