by Iswarya on  July 30, 2020 at 11:25 AM Heart Disease News
Vaping Associated with Heart Problems
Increased use of e-cigarettes in teenagers and young adults is of concern. While the long-term direct cardiovascular effects of e-cigarettes remain mostly unknown, the current evidence suggests that the e-cigarette should not be considered as a cardiovascular safe product. The findings of the study are published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

The use of e-cigarettes among teens could double the risk of starting to smoke traditional cigarettes.

"Vaping is marketed towards teenagers, and the tobacco industry uses celebrities to promote it as being healthier than smoking," said senior author Professor Maja-Lisa LÝchen of UiT The Arctic University of Norway, TromsÝ.


"Legislation on the marketing and sales of e-cigarettes varies enormously between countries," said Professor LÝchen. "Action is urgently needed to halt the growing use in young people. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that e-cigarettes are harmful to health."

Studies have reported that e-cigarette use in young people has increased from 5% in 2013 to nearly 25% in 2018. Up to 5% of adults use e-cigarettes, with wide variation between countries.

The position paper of the European Association of Preventive Cardiology (EAPC), a branch of the ESC, focusses on the cardiovascular effects of e-cigarettes - including devices that look like cigarettes and refillable vaporizers that do not look like cigarettes. It calls on regulators to protect young people by limiting sales and advertising and banning sweet flavors which teens believe are less harmful.

Research has shown that e-cigarettes raise blood pressure and heart rate, change the artery walls so that they become stiffer and less elastic, and inhibit the function of blood vessels by damaging their lining. Each of these four effects is risk factors for blood clots and fatty build-up inside artery walls, which can cause heart attacks. A study last year found a link between e-cigarettes and heart attacks.

On top of the heart effects, the evidence is accumulating that vaping has negative effects on the lungs and is detrimental to the developing fetus during pregnancy. Preliminary research indicates that e-cigarettes could cause cancer.

It's not clear whether e-cigarettes can help people quit smoking since studies have produced conflicting results. "When these studies are pooled together, it does not show that e-cigarettes are more effective than conventional, well-tested stop smoking methods," said Professor LÝchen. "In addition, people who use e-cigarettes for smoking cessation often end up being double consumers of both traditional tobacco cigarettes and e-cigarettes."

"E-cigarettes should only be used for smoking cessation if nothing else has worked and the individual is carefully monitored for adverse effects," she added.

Professor LÝchen concluded: "E-cigarettes are a relatively new product, and the long-term health effects are unknown. Now is the time for politicians and regulators to act - with public health campaigns to increase awareness and legislation to halt uptake in young people." Heart doctors and researchers recommend:

  • Regulate advertising of e-cigarettes the same as tobacco to protect young people.
  • Age verification procedures to prevent adolescents from accessing e-cigarette websites.
  • Schools to educate children about the negative effects of e-cigarettes.
  • Public campaigns to raise awareness of adverse effects and prevent initiation of vaping.
  • Consider for smoking cessation only if conventional methods have failed and individuals are monitored for adverse effects.
  • Avoid e-cigarettes during pregnancy.



Source: Eurekalert

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