Metastatic breast cancer cells might use
bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to help them spread to
bone tissue. A study using a 3D scaffold model has shown how this happens.
The findings suggest that breast tumor-derived factors can promote the maturation of MSCs into bone cells, and that mechanical compression of the scaffold further stimulates bone development. The article is published in Tissue Engineering.
Maureen Lynch, Claudia Fischbach, and coauthors from Cornell University (Ithaca, NY) and University of Massachusetts Amherst used a mineral-containing 3D scaffold as an in vitro model to study whether factors such as breast tumor-derived compounds and mechanical stimulation within the bone microenvironment affect the interactions between metastatic cancer cells and bone.
The article entitled "Three-Dimensional Mechanical Loading Modulates the Osteogenic Response of Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Tumor-Derived Soluble Signals" describes the composition of the scaffold, the study design, and how this model can be used to evaluate the role of certain physical cues on bone metastatic breast cancer.
"The article reports a very exciting study leveraging a tissue-engineered tumor model for controlled interrogation of tumor-bone interactions with enormous implications for the development of new therapeutics" says Co-Editor-in-Chief Antonios G. Mikos, Louis Calder Professor at Rice University, Houston, TX.